Coping with Catastrophe: Building An Emergency Management System to Meet People's Needs in Natural and Manmade Disasters ; a Report

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DIANE Publishing, 1995 - Political Science - 138 pages
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A comprehensive & objective study of governmental capacity to respond effectively to major natural disasters. Covers: evolution of the emergency management function; Federal responsibility & the President's role in emergency mgmt.; FEMA; the Federal responsibility & the role of Congress; state & local government organizational capability; & is the current approach viable? Extensive bibliography. Charts & tables.
 

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This outstanding report by a team of NAPA experts is the Bible as far as understanding modern Emergency Management and FEMA [Federal Emergency Management Agency] and should be considered a landmark in EM history. Now 20 years old the report is still valid with respect to many of its conclusions and recommendations. Too bad that it is not read with more interest currently despite the passage of tiime.
While some of its recommendations were adopted in the main the Executive Branch and Congress have not yet adopted a comprehensive statutory framework for FEMA and determined whether FEMA is the safety net for domestic civil crisis response and recovery or just a funding source for others who do the heavy lifting.
While PKEMRA 2006 [effective March 31, 2007] to some extent froze FEMA's organization within DHS it still has not been determined that FEMA can handle domestic catastrophic events and continues to have little or no technical response capability but must rely on NRC, EPA, DoE, and DoD.
You must have read and understand this report whether you are an academic researching EM policy and history or a practioner.
 

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Page 8 - ... and 6. the effectiveness of governmental responses to major disasters prior to establishment of the Federal Emergency Management Agency and lessons applicable to future disasters. The Academy report on this study shall be completed in final form no later than February 28, 1993, and such report shall be transmitted upon receipt and without revision by the Director to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Page 26 - Whoever, except in cases and under circumstances expressly authorized by the Constitution or Act of Congress, willfully uses any part of the Army or the Air Force as a posse comitatus or otherwise to execute the laws shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than two years or both.
Page 19 - Storm, we knew that with the end of the cold war and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, we could make significant reductions in our Armed Forces.
Page 11 - ... or of its governor if the legislature cannot be convened, call into Federal service such of the militia of the other States, in the number requested by that State, and use such of the armed forces, as he considers necessary to suppress the insurrection.
Page x - FEMA's roles and mission required an understanding of both the agency's major functions and how these functions related to the programs and functions of other related government agencies. REBUILDING FEMA Simply put, we found that FEMA was like a patient in triage. The President and Congress must decide whether to treat it or let it die.
Page 128 - FEMA's Role and Statutory Authority to Support State and Local Governments FEMA derives its primary authority from the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, 42 USC 5121 et seq.
Page 43 - Senge, The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization. (New York: Doubleday/Currency, 1990) and Tom J.
Page i - NAPA has responded to a lengthy number of requests for assistance from various agencies and has undertaken a growing number of studies on issues of particular interest to Congress. In addition, NAPA has increasingly conducted projects for private foundations and has begun to work closely with corporations. Its work has covered a wide range of topics, including: agriculture, education, health, human services, housing, urban development, prisons, courts, space, defense, environment, emergency management,...
Page 13 - He suggests that a disaster is any event . . . concentrated in time and space, in which a society or a relatively self-sufficient subdivision of society, undergoes severe danger and incurs such losses to its members and physical appurtenances that the social structure is disrupted and the fulfillment of all or some of the essential functions of the society is prevented.
Page 120 - FEMA's total. The FIA is headed by an administrator appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

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