Coping with Poverty: Pentecostals and Christian Base Communities in Brazil
Only by understanding the enduring poverty of Brazil can one hope to understand the recent growth of Protestant evangelical churches there, Ceciacute;lia Loreto Mariz contends. Her study investigates how religious groups support individualism and encourage the poor to organize. Groups with shared values are then able to develop strategies to cope with poverty and, ultimately, to transform the social structure. Interviews with members and leaders of religious groups, accounts of meetings, and close readings of religious literature contribute to a realistic account of Christian base communities and Assembly of God churches, folk Catholic tradition, and Afro Brazilian Spiritism. Author note: Ceciacute;lia Loreto Mariz, a Brazilian national, teaches Sociology at the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco in Recife, Brazil.
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activities Afro Afro-Brazilian Spiritism Afro-Brazilian Spiritists Afro-Spiritism Afro-Spiritist Alto do Carneiro Alto Jose areas Assembleia de Deus Assembly Assembly of God attitudes behavior believe Brazilian poor Brazilian society Candomble Catholic church Catholicism CEB leaders CEB meetings CEB members CEB pastoral agents CEB view CEBs and Pentecostalism contrast convert coping with poverty costalism Creuza Despite ethic everyday example folk Catholicism folk religions gion gious God's plan husband Igreja important individual instance interviewed Jose do Pinho Kardecist Kardecist Spiritism lives material miracles motivation neighborhood networks Neusa nomic Odete offer participation Pente Pentecos Pentecostal and CEB Pentecostal churches percent Pernambuco political poor people's popular culture population priests problems Protestantism rationalization Recife reli religion in Brazil religious groups religious meaning Rio de Janeiro romanization rural Sao Paulo social movements Socorrinho Socorro stress struggle supernatural survival syncretism tion transformation Umbanda values women worldview Xango