Corotating Interaction Regions

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A. Balogh, J.T. Gosling, Jack Jokipii, R. Kallenbach, H. Kunow
Springer Science & Business Media, 1999 - Science - 411 pages
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This volume gives a comprehensive and integrated overview of current knowledge and understanding of corotating interaction regions (CIRs) in the solar wind. It is the result of a workshop at ISSI, where space scientists involved in the Ulysses, Pioneer, Voyager, IMP-8, Wind, and SOHO missions exchanged their data and interpretations with theorists in the fields of solar and heliospheric physics. The book provides a broad synthesis of current understanding of CIRs, which form at the interface between the fast solar wind originating in the northern and southern coronal holes and the slow solar wind that originates near and within coronal streamers surrounding the heliomagnetic equator. CIRs are the dominant structure in the heliosphere near and beyond Earth on the declining phase and near the minimum of the 11-year solar activity cycle. Particles energized at the shocks that bound CIRs at heliospheric distances beyond the orbit of Earth are the dominant energetic particle population observed in the outer heliosphere at these times. Papers included in this volume cover the subject of CIRs from their dissipation in the outer hemisphere, and include discussions of complexities associated with their evolution with distance from the Sun, their three-dimensional structure, and the myriad effects that CIRs have on energetic particles throughout the heliosphere. The book is intended to provide scientists active in space physics research with an up-to-date status report on current understanding of CIRs and their effects in the heliosphere, and also to serve the advanced graduate student with introductory material on this active field of research.
 

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It's my favourite book ever, but no wolves were mentioned. A bit of a black hole in the storyline, in my opinion.

Contents

Solar Origin and Interplanetary Evolution of Stream Interfaces
7
Formation and Evolution of Corotating Interaction Regions and Their Three Dimensional Structure
21
Voyager 2 observations of Corotating Interaction RegionsCIRS in the Outer Heliosphere
53
Development and Effects of Turbulence in Connection with CIRS
61
CIR Associated Energetic Particles in the Inner and Middle Heliosphere
77
Observation of Injection and PreAcceleration Processes in the Slow Solar Wind
91
Theoretical Concepts
105
Mechanisms for Latitudinal Transport of Energetic Particles in the Heliosphere
115
5 Conclusions
300
References
301
Modulation of Cosmic Rays and Anomalous Components by CIRSReport of Working Group 5
307
2 Quantitative Estimates of Variations in Propagation Imposed by CIRs
311
3 Comparison of Models and Observations
315
4 Jovian Electrons and CIRs
319
5 Further Developments Desired for Improving Models
322
References
323

Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays at Solar Minimum
125
WORKING GROUP REPORTS
139
The Solar Origin of Corotating Interaction Regions and Their Formation in the HeliosphereReport of Working Group 1
141
1 Introduction
142
2 The Relationship of Fast and Slow Solar Wind to Coronal Structure
146
3 Compositional and Kinematic Signatures of Solar Wind Stream Interfaces and Their Relationship with Solar and Coronal Features
155
A Summary of the Results From Helios
162
5 Summary
171
References
174
CIR Morphology Turbulence Discontinuities and Energetic ParticlesReport of Working Group 2
179
2 Morphological Structures
180
3 An Analytical Model of the Plasma and Field Morphology of CIRs
190
4 Turbulence Discontinuities and Waves and Their Relation to Energetic Particles
194
5 Conclusions
216
Corotating Interaction Regions at High LatitudesReport of Working Group 3
221
1 Introduction
222
2 Global Structure Observations and Challenges to Theory
225
3 Remote Connection of Particles at High Latitudes to CIRs
235
4 Comparison of the CIRs Observed by Ulysses in the Southern and Northern Heliosphere
245
5 NorthSouth Asymmetries in Modulation and 26Day Variations
261
6 Summary and Conclusions
262
References
264
Corotating Interaction Regions in the Outer HeliosphereReport of Working Group 4
269
2 Structure and Evolution of CIRs and Their Successors
270
3 Behavior of Energetic Particles and Cosmic Rays
278
4 The Origin of Recurrent NonDispersive Particle Enhancements in the Outer Heliosphere
298
ObservationsReport of Working Group 6
327
1 Introduction
328
2 Seed Populations
329
3 Plasma and Shock Parameters
334
4 Timeintensity Profiles and Spectral Evolution at 1 AU
337
Temporal and Radial Evolution
340
Averages Time Variations Radial and Latitude Variations
351
7 Anisotropies at 1 AU
359
8 High Latitude Observations
361
References
363
TheoryReport of Working Group 7
369
2 Energetic Particle Transport and the Diffusion Tensor
372
3 Theory of Shock Acceleration
375
4 A Model for Diffusive Shock Acceleration at CIRs
377
5 Numerical Models for Ion Injection at Shocks
379
6 Shock Surfing and Shock Drift
383
7 Statistical Acceleration in the Solar Wind
387
8 Electron Acceleration
389
9 Summary
392
References
396
Glossary
403
List of Acronyms
407
Author Index
409
List of Participants
410
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Page xiv - We wish to express our sincere thanks to all those who have helped us by completing the Questionnaires and to Dr.
Page xiv - We wish to express our sincere thanks to the members of the ISSI staff for providing an atmosphere conducive for intense and detailed discussions.

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