Corporations: A Study of the Origin and Development of Great Business Combinations and of Their Relation to the Authority of the State
The purpose of this work is to trace the historical development of corporate forms and the social functions that have successively been performed within them. The subject of corporations is divided on the basis of those that have been of service to mankind under conditions prevalent in the past and those at the turn of the twentieth century. Covered are: ecclesiastical corporations; feudalism and corporations; municipalities; gilds; educational and eleemosynary corporations; national England; regulated companies; regulated exclusive companies; joint-stock companies; colonial companies; legal view of corporations; and modern corporations.
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abbot activity bailiff became Benedictine Bishop of Lincoln borough brethren burgesses chancellor charter Christianity Church city of London colleges common congregation constitution corporate form council craft gilds Crown Custumarum distinct ecclesiastical elected element enacted enforced England English Gilds exercise feudal fifteenth century fourteenth century fraternity Gild Merchant gildsmen granted growth halls Henry Henry VIII History independence industry institutions jurisdiction king later learning limited livery companies masters and scholars mediaeval membership Memorials of London mendicant orders merchant gild monasteries monasticism monks municipal officers ordinances organization Oxford pagan panies Paris period persons Pope powers priests privileges purpose Reformation regulation reign relations religious revenues Roman Roman Catholic Church royal rule sheriff sixteenth social-religious gilds society statutes structure Supra thirteenth century tion town government townsmen trade unit University University of Oxford University of Paris usually wardens
Page 22 - D'Awtry, a member of the same society, living in Broad-street, being two of those Physicians that were presented by the College to the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen of the City of London...
Page 2 - Nearly all enterprises requiring for their successful prosecution large investments of capital are conducted by corporations. They, in fact, embrace every branch of industry, and the wealth that they hold in the United States equals in value four-fifths of the entire property of the country. They carry on business with the citizens of every State as well as with foreign nations, and the litigation arising out of their transactions is enormous, giving rise to even" possible question to which the jurisdiction...
Page 15 - The law therefore has wisely ordained, that the parson, quatenus parson, shall never die, any more than the king : by making him. and his successors a corporation. By which means all the original rights of the parsonage are preserved entire to the successor : for the present incumbent, and his predecessor who lived seven centuries ago, are in law one and the same person ; and what was given to the one was given to the other also.