Corpus Linguistics: Investigating Language Structure and Use
Cambridge University Press, Apr 23, 1998 - Computers - 300 pages
This volume investigates the way people use language in speech and writing. It introduces the corpus-based approach to linguistics, based on analysis of large databases of real language examples stored on computer. Each chapter focuses on a different area of linguistics, including lexicography, grammar, discourse, register variation, language acquisition, and historical linguistics. Example analyses are presented in each chapter to provide concrete descriptions of the research methods and advantages of corpus-based techniques. Ten methodology boxes provide concise explanations of the issues in doing corpus-based research and reading corpus-based studies and there is an appendix of resources for corpus-based investigation.
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The study of discourse characteristics
Investigating the characteristics of varieties
Register variation and English for Specific Purposes
Language acquisition and development
Historical and stylistic investigations
3 Concordancing packages versus programming for corpus analysis
4 Characteristics of tagged corpora
5 The process of tagging
6 Norming frequency counts
7 Statistical measures of lexical associations
8 The unit of analysis in corpusbased studies
9 Significance tests and the reporting of statistics
10 Factor loadings and dimension scores
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academic prose adverbial anaphoric anaphoric reference association patterns attributive adjectives automatic basal readers Biber Chapter characteristics co-occur collocate pair common complement clause concordancing consider constructions conversation corpora corpus design corpus linguistics corpus-based analyses corpus-based approach corpus-based studies corpus-based techniques deal dependent clauses discourse discussed distribution ecology elementary student English errors example exophoric extraposed factor fiction focus frequency counts function grammatical associations ical identify illustrate important interactive investigations KWIC language large number lexical associations linguistic features LOB Corpus Longman-Lancaster Corpus marked mean scores Methodology Box million words modal verbs multi-dimensional analysis mutual information narrative nominalizations Norwegian Computing Centre noun phrases number of words occurrences overall passive past tense perfect aspect predicative pronouns referring expressions register variation relative clauses research questions semi-modals sense shows similar speakers speech spoken and written spoken registers structures synonymous T-unit Table tagged Text Sample tion to-clauses versus written registers
Page iv - Cambridge Approaches to Linguistics General editor: Jean Aitchison, Rupert Murdoch Professor of Language and Communication, University of Oxford In the past twenty-five years, linguistics - the systematic study of language - has expanded dramatically. Its findings are now of interest to psychologists, sociologists, philosophers, anthropologists, teachers, speech therapists and numerous others who have realized that language is of crucial importance in their life and work. But when newcomers try to...