Cosmic Numbers: The Numbers that Define Our Universe
"Our fascination with numbers begins when we are children, and continues, for most of us, throughout our lives. We start counting our fingers and toes, and end up balancing check books and calculating risk. So powerful is the appeal of numbers that many people ascribe to them a mystical significance. And there are some numbers whose importance even transcends the supernatural--these numbers work to explain our universe and how it behaves. In Cosmic Numbers, mathematics professor James Stein traces the discovery, evolution, and interrelationships of the great numbers in that define our world. Some numbers, like the speed of light and absolute zero, are well known to the general public. Others, such as Boltzmann's constant and the Chandrasekhar limit, are known only to those with a deep knowledge of science. But these numbers do far more than the average person might dare to imagine: they tell us how this world began, the way we were and the way we are, and what the future holds. Stein reveals the manner in which certain cosmic numbers came to light, the dramatis personae involved, and cutting-edge developments associated with these numbers. Many are the cornerstones of grand discoveries and theories. They represent landmarks in the history of intellectual achievement. And the stories of these numbers offer a novel understanding of physics, chemistry, astronomy, and ourselves. Much more than a gee-whiz collection of numbers, Cosmic Numbers illuminates why particular numbers are so important--both to scientists and to the rest of us. "--Provided by publisher.
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absolute zero accessed January 17 amount astronomer atomic weight Available Avogadro’s number beam big bang Boltzmann Boltzmann’s constant Bose-Einstein condensate Boyle’s law caloric carbon Cavendish century Cepheid variables Chandrasekhar CHAPTER chemical chemistry CODATA compound compute Coulomb cubic Dalton degree centigrade density described determine discovered discovery distance Doppler effect Earth Eddington Einstein electric charge electron elements enable entropy equation experiment formula frequency fusion galaxies gases grams gravitational constant gravitational force heat helium Hubble hydrogen idea ideal gas kelvin Kepler’s kinetic energy known Leavitt light-years magnetic mass math mathematics measure meters Michelson microstates Milky million molecules moving nebulae neutron Newton Nobel Prize object oxygen particles physicist physics Planck planet pressure problem produced protons quantum radiation ratio reactions result Roentgen Schwarzschild radius scientists speed of light star substance technetium temperature theory of relativity there’s tion triple-alpha process ultraviolet catastrophe universe volume