Cosmic Rays and Earth

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J.W. Bieber, E. Eroshenko, P. Evenson, E.O. Flückiger, R. Kallenbach
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 31, 2000 - Science - 409 pages
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The year 1998 marked the 50th anniversary of the invention of the neutron monitor, a key research tool in the field of space physics and solar-terrestrial relations. In honor of this occasion a workshop entitled 'Cosmic Rays and Earth' was organized to review the detection of cosmic rays at the surface and in the lower atmosphere of Earth, including the effect that this radiation has on the terrestrial environment. A special focus was the role of neutron monitors in the investigation of this radiation, on the science enabled by the unique dataset of the worldwide network of neutron monitors, and on continuing opportunities to use these data to solve outstanding problems. This book is the principal product of that workshop, integrating the contribu tions of all participants. Following a general summary of the workshop prepared by the editors, the volume leads off with a keynote article by Professor John Simpson describing his invention of the neutron monitor in 1948 and the early scientific discoveries made with this instrument.
 

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Contents

The Invention
11
RYAN J A LOCKWOOD and H DEBRUNNER Solar Energetic
35
CANE Coronal Mass Ejections and Forbush Decreases
55
View From the Earth
79
J BEER Neutron Monitor Records in Broader Historical Context
107
W DROGE Particle Scattering by Magnetic Fields
121
K KUDELA M STORINI M Y HOFER and A BELOV Cosmic Rays
153
H SVENSMARK Cosmic Rays and Earths Climate
175
A SHEA and D F SMART Fifty Years of Cosmic Radiation Data
229
F B MCDONALD Integration of Neutron Monitor Data With Spacecraft
263
H MORAAL A BELOV and J M CLEM Design and Coordination
285
F SMART M A SHEA and E O FLUCKIGER Magnetospheric Models
305
CLEM and L I DORMAN Neutron Monitor Response Functions
335
P H STOKER L I DORMAN and J M CLEM Neutron Monitor Design
361
R PYLE Public Access to Neutron Monitor Datasets
381
List of Acronyms
403

A SHEA and D F SMART Cosmic Ray Implications for Human Health
187

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