Costs of fire suppression forces based on cost-aggregation approach
Armando González-Cabán, Charles W. McKetta, Thomas John Mills, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station (Berkeley, Calif.)
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, 1984 - Technology & Engineering - 16 pages
A cost-aggregation approach has been developed for determining the cost of Fire Management Inputs (FMls)-the direct fireline production units (personnel and equipment) used in initial attack and large-fire suppression activities. All components contributing to an FMI are identified, computed, and summed to estimate hourly costs. This approach can be applied to any FMI by any organization with fire protection responsibility. Significant cost differences were found not only among the three State fire organizations studied, but among the three administrative regions within the Forest Service. Hourly suppression cost estimates ranged from $40 per hour for a small engine and 2-person crew in the Southwestern Region to $595 per hour for a 20-person Category II crew in the Pacific Northwest Region. The overhead, basic training, facilities, and equipment cost components were responsible for most of the cost variations.
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16 persons 20-person Category administrative annual attack and large-fire availability cost average base hourly salary basic training budget bulldozer Bulldozer—large Bulldozer—medium Bulldozer—small California California Department Category I handcrew Category II crew charged computed cost differences cost during availability cost of Fire Crew of 16 Department of Forestry deployment status economic cost economic efficiency Engine—large Engine—medium Engine—small Fire Management Inputs fire management organization fire management program fire organizations fire season fire suppression firefighting fireline production Fiscal Year 1981 fixed costs FMI composition FMI cost estimates FMI's Forest Service Regions forestry agencies Handtools helitack teams hourly cost estimates initial attack large-fire suppression long-term planning nonfire funded Northern Region on-fire supervision Oregon overhead cost component overtime Pacific Northwest Region pay component percent personnel pounds GVW presuppression program management overhead Project crew prorated small fires Smokejumper Southwestern Region suppression activities total hourly cost transport U.S. Dep U.S. Department U.S. Senate variable costs