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action adjustment arrangement bale breaker bands blade bottom cages calender rollers cause centre coiler combing condition cone drums cotton fibre cotton spinning cylinder Diagram diam diameter direction disc dish feed doctor knife doffer double draft wheel driving easily effect enables entanglement equal feature feed roller Fiji flats forward gearing given in Fig Gossypium grinding hank impurities inch individual fibres knife roller lap end lap roller lattice leather roller length lever line shaft loose Macarthy machine Malvaceae means method mixing motion move necessary number of teeth obtained operation passing pedal roller Pernambuco portion position present production pulley purpose result revolution revolutions per minute revolving revs round screws scutcher Sea Island Sea Island cotton Section seeds shaft sketch sliver small porcupine spindle spinning striking action surface speed taker-in thickness thin places tube twist vertical weft weight whilst wire yard yarn
Page 35 - It is complained of this machine that a large number of neps are formed, and the reason is not far to seek. It must be remembered that...
Page 42 - East Indian bales are bound by 3 bands, sometimes of equal length, each length passing three times round the bale, by one long and two short, and sometimes by one short and two long bands, the total turns round the bale being about the same in each case. The weight of the bands runs from 2 to 4 Ib. per bale. On pressed Brazilian bales there are 10 bands = 33 Ib., and there are two on each bale. On...
Page 44 - This practice of screwing seems to be confined to vessels loading in the United States ports. There is a growing practice in America, it is stated, of putting bagging on bales, not for protective purposes, but simply to make weight; on many bales there are numerous folds of bagging at the ends, where they serve no useful purpose.
Page 41 - American bales of cotton received at Liverpool weigh from 290 to 878 lb., and measure from 4 ft. 6 in. by 3 ft. 4 in. by 2 ft. 3 in. to 6 ft. 6 in. by 3 ft. by 2 ft. Egyptian bales weigh from 672 to 840 lb., and measure about 4 ft. 3 in. by 2 ft. 7 in. by 1 ft. 10 in., say 20 cubic feet. East Indian bales weigh as follows : — Surat, from 346 to 431 lb. ; Madras, from 460 to 486 lb. ; Tinnivelly, from 499 to 531 lb., and measure about 4 ft. 1 ia by 1 ft.