The Craftsman and the Critic: Defining Usefulness and Beauty in Arts and Crafts-era Boston
When English craftsman, poet, and socialist William Morris advised consumers in the 1880s to "have nothing in your houses that you do not know to be useful or believe to be beautiful," he prompted a movement for design reform in Britain, Europe, and America. Championing Morris's views, the Society of Arts and Crafts in Boston led the quest for "usefulness and beauty" in the United States. As the oldest arts and crafts organization in the country, it exerted considerable influence.
Among the Boston reformers were design critics, whose profession became increasingly important in the nineteenth century. Many of them--including a number of prominent women--were also architects, designers, craft workers, educators, and theorists. Their views on design reform were substantive and often controversial.
This richly illustrated book explores the interaction of craft workers and critics as they collaborated to improve the quality of the living and working environment in Boston and across the United States. Beverly K. Brandt examines multiple overlapping topics--the evolution of the profession of design criticism in the nineteenth century; Boston in the "Gilded Age" as a center for reform, epitomized by the Aesthetic and the Arts and Crafts movements; the formative years of the Society of Arts and Crafts (1897-1917); key personalities associated with that organization; the theoretical underpinnings of the Arts and Crafts movement; and a diaspora of Boston reformers who left the city to promote usefulness and beauty across the country and abroad. In an epilogue, she discusses the Arts and Crafts revival which has flourished since the 1970s and contemplates why the search for usefulness and beauty continues to resonate today.
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By Word Deed or Example Promoting Design Reform in Boston
Adviser Promoter Tormentor and Midwife The Multiple Roles of Bostons Design Critics
Models and Methodologlies Guidelines for Achieving Good Design
The Boston Diaspora Promoting Bostons Standards of Usefulenss and Beauty Nationwide
Usefulness and Beauty in the New Millennium The Legacy of the Society of Arts and Crafts Boston
MEMBERS OF THE SACB JURY 19001917
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AAA/LPE—DA Papers AAA/SACB Papers Aesthetic movement American Art Annual Report applied arts April architects argued Arthur artistic Arts & Crafts Arts and Crafts Batchelder Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue Boston Athenaeum Carey century Charles collection color conventionalization Coolidge Courtesy Boston Athenaeum Courtesy Historic Crafts movement Craftsman craftspeople craftsworkers decorative design criticism design reform movement display essay examples Exhibition Goodhue Grueby Handicraft Historic New England House Beautiful Howard Walker Illustrated included Industrial influence inspired interior Jurors Jury's Langford Warren London Longfellow Louis Louisiana Purchase Exposition maker manufacturers Mary Mary Ware Dennett Massachusetts metalwork models motifs Museum nature Norton organization ornament Palace of Art Photograph Plate Pottery promoted Revival Ross SACB Archives SACB Jury SACB members SACB's salesroom Sarah Wyman Whitman School Silversmith Society of Arts standards Street Sturgis style taste textiles theory tion undated Ware Dennett William Morris workers world's fair Wornum wrote York