Creating a 21st Century National Innovation System for a 21st Century Latvian Economy
World Bank, Europe and Central Asia Region, Private and Financial Sectors Development Unit, 2004 - Competition - 95 pages
"The Latvian economy made great strides in recovering from the economic shock of the early transition and the adverse aftereffects of the 1998 Russian financial crisis. Nevertheless, Latvia faces serious challenges to its future growth and prosperity despite these impressive achievements and the outward appearance of macroeconomic stability and economic progress. A wide variety of recent studies suggest that the Latvian economy is not particularly competitive and, even more worrisome, they indicate that Latvia is not well positioned to gain ground in the race for global competitiveness, prosperity, and rising standards of living. Most of Latvia's growth to date has come from one-off gains generated by structural reforms, privatization, and reallocating resources, not inexhaustible reservoirs of growth. Latvian enterprises will be able to sustain economic growth and create high wage jobs only by becoming internationally competitive, innovating, accumulating new knowledge and technology, and finding a high value added niche in the European and global division of labor.
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Latvias Industrial Structure
Export of Wood and Wood Products 2001
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Annex basic research Bayh-Dole Act Bulgaria centers challenges Chernogolovka clusters contract research countries Czech Czech Republic designed domestic engineering establish Estonia Eurostat exports finance Finland forestry sector Global Competitiveness Report Government R&D spending growth help Latvian high tech high value added Hungary important improve increase incubators Index industries Innovation System innovative economy intellectual property intensive inventions investors knowledge produced labor laboratories Latvia Latvian economy Latvian enterprises Latvian firms licensing linkages Lithuania manufacturing matching grant programs microeconomic National Innovation System NMS's November 2004 November OECD operating organizations ownership policy makers potential priorities private sector production ranks recommendations research institutes Romania royalties Russia SBIR program Science scientific scientists share skills Slovakia Slovenia Small Business SMEs Source Stevenson-Wydler strategy structural suppliers Taxonomy technical technology audit technology commercialization technology development Technology Transfer trade upgrading venture capital venture capitalists Yevgeny Kuznetsov