Crete in the Greek Tradition

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University of Pennsylvania, 1915 - Crete (Greece) - 74 pages

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Page 14 - I, 4. Hyg. F. 139; 13; Astr. II, 13. Call. Jov; Hes. Th. 477; etc. Idaean nymphs took charge of him and fed him on honey and the milk of the goat Amalthea. This legend is localized not only in Crete, but in many other places. Pausanias says that they are too many to enumerate.1 Mt. Lycaeus, near Lycosura,1 Olenus in Arcadia,3 Elis,4 Thebes,6 Chaeronea,6 Scepsis in the Troad,7 Mt. Ithome in Messenia,* Deusion in Lydia,9 are some of the candidates for the honor of being called the birthplace of Zeus.
Page 74 - PRELLER, L. Demeter und Persephone. Hamburg, 1837. PRINGSHEIM, HG Geschichte des eleusinischen Kultes. Munich, 1905. REBER, F. v. Probleme altkretischer Architektur in SMA 1913, 8. REISINGER, E. Kretische Vasenmalerei. Leipzig, 1912. RIDDER, A. de, L'ivoire en Crlte et d Chypres. Florilegium, 1909, p. 513. RIDGEWAY, W. The early age of Greece. Cambridge, 1901. SCHLIEMANN, H. Troy and its remains. New York, 1876. Mycenae and Tiryns. New York, 1878. SHOEMANN, GF De Jems incunabilis.
Page 48 - He is said to have decided cases by letting the contestants take oath,10 though this seems to contradict his practice of not using the name of any god in an oath, but swearing by the goose, dog, ram, swan, plane trees, vegetables, etc.11 This custom was imitated by Socrates and his followers.12 Minos was jealous of Rhadamanthys and therefore sent him to the outskirts of his kingdom.13 Rhadamanthys ruled the 1 cf. "Europa.
Page 56 - Plin. NH V, 132; Schol, Lyc. 1194; 1204; Heracl. Pont. 29; Pomp. Mela II, 100; cf. I. Malten, JAI 1913 p. 35. V. THE ETHNOLOGY OF CRETE The earliest inhabitants of Crete according to tradition were the autochthonous Curetes and Idaean Dactyls,1 or the Telchins.2 After them came the Eteocretans, the "true Cretans...
Page 36 - Apostol. lc; Palaeph. 2. jealous Pasiphae.1 Procris cured him2 and in recognition of her aid was presented with a dog from which no animal could escape and a spear which never missed its mark. These Zeus had given to Europa when he brought her to Crete.3 According to another story Artemis gave Procris these gifts.4 By them she effected a reconciliation with Cephalus,6 but shortly after he accidentally killed...
Page 46 - Cramer, Anecd. Par. 383; Luc. astrol, 14. "Paus. IX, 11, 4; Palaeph. 13; Serv. Aen. VI, 14. Tzets. Chil. I, 473. Hyg. F. 40. the extradition of the fugitive Daedalus. Theseus answered diplomatically, but made a sudden attack on Crete and killed Deucalion before the doors of the labyrinth. Ariadne, the new ruler, was more amenable to reason.1 Daedalus went to barbarians and servitude, says Xenophon.2 But the generally accepted version is that he escaped to king Cocalus at...
Page 17 - Ill, 108; Schol. Lyc. 1302; Callinus frag. 7. Bergk; Clem. Al. Protr. 2, 39, p. 11 Sylb.,.etc. To Apollo Ulius and Artemis Ulia Theseus performed sacrifices before sailing for Crete.1 Apollo's most important name in a discussion of Cretan legends is Delphinius. In the guise of a dolphin he led a boat-load of Cretans to Delphi, where they founded his sanctuary.1 After killing Python Apollo was purified by Cretan...
Page 32 - Glaucus, the son of Minos, fell into a jar of honey and was stifled.
Page 20 - At the Oschophoria in Athens staffs were carried in honor of Dionysus and Ariadne.16 After Ariadne's death and burial in the temple of Dionysus Cresios at Argos,16 Dionysus apotheosized her17 and put her crown18 and a lock of her hair among the stars.19 This group of myths seems to reflect the fact that an early development of the Dionysus myth took place in Crete.
Page 9 - VI, 45, 1. 16 Diod. V, 80, 4. gives a geographical description of Crete; in X. 3 he discusses the question of the Curetes. Many valuable notes are furnished by Homer,1 Herodotus,2 Thucydides,3 and a host of others. In fact there are few Greek or Roman authors who do not touch on Crete in some way. 1 Il. XIV, 320. Od. IV, 563; V, 125; XIII, 256, etc.

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