Crime Or Custom?: Violence Against Women in Pakistan

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Human Rights Watch, 1999 - Social Science - 101 pages
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In Pakistan, it is estimated that eight women are raped every twenty-four hours and 70 to 95 percent of women have experienced domestic violence. Few women report the crimes, and fewer still see their attackers brought to justics. Women victims of violence who turn to the criminal justice system confront a discriminatory legal regime venal and abusive police, untrained medicolegal doctors, incompetent prosecutors, and skeptical judges.

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Page 25 - discrimination against women" shall mean any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.
Page 25 - To establish legal protection of the rights of women on an equal basis with men...
Page 25 - Parties condemn racial discrimination and undertake to pursue by all appropriate means and without delay a policy of eliminating racial discrimination in all its forms...
Page 26 - Effective legal measures, including penal sanctions, civil remedies and compensatory provisions to protect women against all kinds of violence, including, inter alia, violence and abuse in the family, sexual assault and sexual harassment in the workplace; (ii) Preventive measures, including public information and education programmes to change attitudes concerning the roles and status of men and women...
Page 20 - Government, examine and decide the question whether or not any law or provision of law is repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam...
Page 25 - Gender-based violence is a form of discrimination that seriously inhibits women's ability to enjoy rights and freedoms on a basis of equality with men.
Page 33 - ... against the will of the victim, (b) without the consent of the victim, (c) with the consent of the victim when the consent has been obtained by putting the victim in fear of death or of hurt, or (d) with the consent of the victim, when the offender knows that the offender is not validly married to the victim and that the consent is given because the victim believes that the offender is another person to whom the victim is or believes herself or himself to be validly married.
Page 27 - Exercise due diligence to prevent, investigate and, in accordance with national legislation, punish acts of violence against women, whether those acts are perpetrated by the State or by private persons...
Page 79 - By proof of former statements inconsistent with any part of his evidence which is liable to be contradicted ; (4) When a man is prosecuted for rape or an attempt to ravish, it may be shown that the prosecutrix was of generally immoral character.
Page 41 - No law shall be enacted which is repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Holy Quran and Sunnah, hereinafter referred to as Injunctions of Islam, and existing law shall be brought into conformity with such Injunctions.

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