Crime and community in Ciceronian Rome
In the late Roman Republic, acts of wrongdoing against individuals were prosecuted in private courts, while the iudicia publica (literally "public courts") tried cases that involved harm to the community as a whole. In this book, Andrew M. Riggsby thoroughly investigates the types of cases heard by the public courts to offer a provocative new understanding of what has been described as "crime" in the Roman Republic and to illuminate the inherently political nature of the Roman public courts.Through the lens of Cicero' forensic oratory, Riggsby examines the four major public offenses: ambitus (bribery of the electorate), de sicariis et veneficiis (murder), vis (riot), and repetundae (extortion by provincial administrators). He persuasively argues that each of these offenses involves a violation of the proper relations between the state and the people, as interpreted by orators and juries. He concludes that in the late Roman Republic the only crimes were political crimes.
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What Can We Know and How Can We Know It? l
Ambitus and the Varieties of Economy
Murder and How to Spot It
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accusation acquittal actions actual advocate ambitus apparendy argued Asconius attacks bribery Cael Caelius Catilinarian Catilinarian conspiracy Catiline chapter character charge Cicero citizens claim clause client Clodius Cluentio context convicted crime defense discussion distinction electoral ethical argument evidence example exempla exemplum explicidy fact Flacc Fonteius Gauls guilt Hence homicide individual invidia issue iudicia publica judgment jurors jury killing Kunkel later least legislation lex Acilia lex Calpurnia lex Cornelia lex Iulia lex Plautia Lintott litde Livy maiestas Milo motive murder Murena normally offenses Oppianicus orator paradigm parricide particular passage perduellio perhaps person Planc Plancius political Pompey praetor prosecution prosecutor provincials quaestio question Quintilian Rabirius reference relevant rem publicam repetundae rhetorical Roman Rosc Roscio seems senate sense Sest Sestius sicariis similar social specific speech suggests tion TLRR trial tried Ulpian Vasaly Verr Verrem violence vote witnesses