Criminal Justice Act of 1963 (public Defender): Hearings Before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Eighty-eight Congress, First Session, on S. 63, to Provide for the Representation of Indigent Defendants in Criminal Cases in the United States District Courts; S. 1057, to Promote the Cause of Criminal Justice by Providing for the Representation of Defendants who are Financially Unable to Obtain an Adequate Defense in Criminal Cases in the Courts of the United States. May 13, 20, and 27, 1963

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Page 207 - He lacks both the skill and knowledge adequately to prepare his defense, even though he have a perfect one. He requires the guiding hand of counsel at every step in the proceedings against him. Without it, though he be not guilty, he faces the danger of conviction because he does not know how to establish his innocence.
Page 97 - constitutional principles" established to achieve a fair system of justice: "Not only these precedents but also reason and reflection require us to recognize that in our adversary system of criminal justice, any person haled into court, who is too poor to hire a lawyer, cannot be assured a fair trial unless counsel is provided for him.
Page 207 - In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right * * * to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence." Even earlier, in the Judiciary Act of 1789, Congress had announced that "in all the courts of the United States, the parties may plead and manage their own causes personally or by the assistance of * * * counsel
Page 12 - Illinois (351 US 12 (1955)), Mr. Justice Black wrote: There can be no equal justice where the kind of trial a man gets depends on the amount of money he has. That is why we need this bill. I thank you, Mr. Chairman and members
Page 246 - I will never reject, from any consideration personal to myself, the cause of the defenseless or oppressed, or delay any man's cause for lucre or malice.'* A similar oath is used elsewhere: eg, Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code 606S(h). 7 Interview with the clerk of court for the district of Massachusetts, April 2, 1962.
Page 2 - or part-time officers as, in the judgment of the court, the volume of work of the court requires. "(b) Whenever a district court in which there is a public defender is satisfled that a defendant charged with a felony or misdemeanor (other than a petty offense as denned in section 1 of this title)
Page 15 - we have it broken down into various districts. I would be less than frank with you if I did not say that I think this is subject to serious question. They are the best possible figures that we can come up with, and you will see that it is quite a thorough job.
Page 128 - (The complete statement of Mr. Paulsen is as follows:) Testimony of the American Civil Libebties Union of S. 1057, To Promote the Cause of Criminal Justice by Providing for the Representation of Defendants Who Are Financially Unable To Obtain an Adequate Defense in Criminal Cases in the Courts of the United States ; and S. 63 by- Providing
Page 244 - includes the District Court of the Virgin Islands, the District of Guam, and the district courts of the United States created by chapter 5 of title 28, United States Code.' "Sec. 3. The analysis of chapter 201 of title IS, United States Code, is amended by adding immediately after section 3006 the following new item
Page 222 - of enactment of such legislation each district court, with the approval of the judicial council of the circuit, should place in operation in the district a plan for adequate representation. The plan should be devised in accordaance with one of the following

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