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accused acquittal amongst anti-social applied Assize Courts authority Belgium biological born and habitual born criminals capital punishment causes cellular prisons cent characteristics classes classical school commit condemned conditional sentence convicts countries crimes against property crimes and offences criminal anthropology criminal lunatic asylums criminal psychology criminal sociology criminal statistics criminals of passion data of criminal death penalty effect efficacious England especially evidence experts fact factors of crime France Garofalo habitual criminals homicide honest imprisonment incorrigible indecent assaults indemnification individual influence injury inquiry insane Italy judge judicial jury justice labour legislation less Lombroso measures ment murder natural necessary observation occasional criminals organic organisation penal law penal servitude penal substitutes person physical and social police political positive school practical prevent principle Prison Congress psychological punishment reforms regard relapse repression scientific serious social conditions social defence social environment society tendency theft theory tion trial Tribunals vagrancy whilst
Page 53 - The social factors comprise the density of population; public opinion, manners and religion; family circumstances; the system of education; industrial pursuits; alcoholism; economic and political conditions; public administration, justice and police; and in general, legislative, civil and penal institutions.
Page 224 - XEEDED REFORMS IX THE MANAGEMENT OF YOUTHFUL AND INSANE CRIMINALS.* Вт WILLIAM GLASSELL SOMERVILLE, AB, MD, TC8CALOOBA, ALA., TBUftTEE OF ALABAMA INBANE HOSPITALS. SOME one has said "the prisoner is a moral and physical patient, more or less curable, and we must apply to him the great principles of the art of medicine. To a diversity of ills we must apply a diversity of remedies.
Page 183 - In fine, either the government is despotic, and then juries are not strong enough to preserve liberty, as in England from the time of Henry VIII. to that of James II.; or, as Mittermaier said, "when authority is corrupt, and the judge is cowardly or terrorised, a jury cannot assist in the defence of liberty.
Page 30 - ... are offenders who seem to take the low road to crimesinking to the level of bums and derelicts. They are the unsuccessful criminals and are probably composed of demoralized and disorganized individuals from the lower strata of society. It is they whom Ferri probably had in mind when he described the criminals by contracted habit. These are they who, not presenting the anthropological characteristics of the born criminals, or presenting them but slightly, commit their first crime most commonly...
Page 4 - And of what nature are its fundamental data, which lead us up to the general conclusions of criminal sociology? If general anthropology is, according to the definition of M. de Quatrefages, the natural history of man, as zoology is the natural history of animals, criminal anthropology is but the study of a single variety of mankind. In other words, it is the natural history of the criminal man. Criminal anthropology studies the criminal man in his organic and psychical constitution, and in his life...
Page 6 - Is the criminal, and in what respects is he, a normal or an abnormal man? And if he is abnormal, whence is the abnormality derived?" He then states: "We must study the organ before the function, and the physical before the moral.
Page 43 - Every man, however pure and honest he may be, is conscious now and then of a transitory notion of some dishonest or criminal action. But with the honest man, exactly because he is physically and morally normal, this notion of crime, which simultaneously summons up the idea of its grievous consequences, glances off the surface of the normal conscience, and is a mere flash without the thunder. With the man who is less normal and has less forethought, the notion dwells, resists the weak repulsion of...
Page 53 - The anthropological factors comprise age, sex, civil status, profession, domicile, social rank, instruction, education, and the organic and psychic constitution. The physical factors are race, climate, the fertility and disposition of the soil, the relative length of day and night, the seasons, meteoric conditions, temperature.
Page viii - the volume of crime will not be materially diminished by codes of criminal laws, however skillfully they may be constructed; but by an amelioration of the adverse individual and social conditions of the community as a whole.
Page 117 - I have shown that in France there is a manifest correspondence of increase and decrease between the number of homicides, assaults and malicious wounding, and the more or less abundant vintage, especially in the years of extraordinary variations, whether of failure of the vintage (1853-5, 1859, 1867, 1873, 1878-80), attended by a remarkable diminution of crime (assaults and wounding), or of abundant vintages (1850, 1856-8, 1862-3, 1865, 1868, 1874-5), attended by an increase of crime