Crisis and Transformation: The Kibbutz at Century's End

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SUNY Press, 1997 - Social Science - 282 pages
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This book examines kibbutz life following the Israeli economic crisis of 1985, focusing on the kibbutz's dramatic transformation from a well-defined social structure to a collective identified principally by its cultural preoccupations. It centers on the contradictions endemic to kibbutz identity. Ben-Rafael shows how the crisis brought together a general pro-change Zeitgeist with the interests of the kibbutz's stronger social segments and individuals to produce widespread changes and the fragmentation of kibbutz reality as a whole. The book's findings are based on a large-scale research investigation (1991-1994) headed up by Ben-Rafael that included twenty research studies and involved the participation of researchers from diverse social-science disciplines. The book also provides a statistical abstract and a comprehensive kibbutz bibliography.
 

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Contents

Kibbutz Identity
1
Social Change and Transformation
7
The Identity Dilemmas of the Kibbutznik
14
The Expectations of the Investigation
23
The Crisis
27
Human and Economic Resources
28
Building Powerand Losing it
33
From the Political Setback to the Economic Crisis
38
Behind the Transformation
155
The Social Distribution of Aspirations
162
In Conclusion
176
Implementing Change
179
Categories of Kibbutzim
186
The Politics of Change
188
The Vicissitudes of Implementing Change
194
In Conclusioin
196

Questioning the Kibbutz Identity
41
A Shattered Community
45
Forces of Decollectivization
57
Socialization and Discontinuation
71
The New Kind of Social Obligation
87
Kibbutz Capitalism Challenged
93
Changes in the Kibbutz Enterprise
107
Commercialization Privatization and Security
119
Toward Recovery?
123
Kibbutz and Society
129
Toward Pluralism
140
A New Type of Kibbutz Movement?
152
The Transformation of Identity
201
Old Dilemmas in New Terms
203
The Role of the Technocrats
213
Social Cohesion and Fragmentation
216
The Revenge and Reality of the Anarchist Utopia
220
Correlation Analyses
229
Statistical AbstractThe Kibbutzim in the 1990s
233
Notes
243
Bibliography
247
Index
271
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About the author (1997)

Eliezer Ben-Rafael is Weinberg Professor of Sociology and Anthropology at Tel-Aviv University. He is a former president of the Israel Sociological Society. His books include Crisis and Transformation and Language, Identity and Social Division.

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