Critical Neurophilosophy & Indigenous Wisdom
Sense Publishers, Nov 30, 2009 - Education - 170 pages
This book begins a long overdue dialogue between Western neuropsychology and Indigenous wisdom. The latter holds that technology, including that which supports the neurosciences, is an important aspect of humanity, but that without a deeper understanding of the sacred, natural world, its consequences will continue to disrupt the balance of life on Earth. This book argues that without incorporating Indigenous wisdom into theories relating to brain research and scientific assumptions about human nature, humanity may never learn how to avoid this problem. After summarizing current studies about such important topics as generosity, truthfulness, courage, humour, art, spirituality and lateralization, two indigenous scholars and a South Korean neuroscientist discuss the research conclusions. In most cases, the ancient knowledge of Indigenous Peoples reveals significantly contrasting perspectives. By offering students of neuropsychology and the various schools of neurophilosophy radically different views than those seen through the lens of Western science, this book will help assure that understandings about the human brain may lead to a more healthy balance in human affairs. Questions at the end of each chapter give opportunities for the reader to continue the dialogue and find further studies to support or refute the Indigenous assertions.
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Honesty and Deception
Fear and Courage
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aﬁer altruism amygdala animals areas associated authors balance behaviour beneﬁts brain activity brain function Buddhism cingulate cognitive concept conﬂict context cortical courage deception deﬁned dialogue Dictator Game difﬁcult emotional empathy environment experience expression fear ﬁeld ﬁlm ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst ﬁve fMRI Four Arrows functional MRI generosity Greg gyrus human humor idea images important Indigenous cultures Indigenous perspective Indigenous wisdom individuals inﬂuence interactions involved Jongmin Kaplan language leaming leﬁ hemisphere living lobe magical thinking magnetic resonance imaging meditation mental mind Moming Star Native American Native games Native players natural environment neural neuroeconomics neurophilosophy offer one’s orbitofrontal cortex oxytocin participants pattems prefrontal cortex psychology reﬂect relationship response reward right hemisphere role scans Scar Face scientiﬁc selﬁsh signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly social social neuroscience speciﬁc spiritual stimuli stories subjects survival Taoism temporal lobe traditional Ultimatum Game understanding visual Westem science