Critical Perspectives on Schooling and Fertility in the Developing World
Caroline H. Bledsoe
National Academies Press, 1999 - Education - 320 pages
The assumption of a causal relationship between more schooling and lower fertility for women has led many governments to support women's education. However, understanding the nature and strength of the relationship between education and fertility remains a central challenge for scholars seeking to explain demographic and social change and for policymakers who must allocate scarce public resources. This book brings together analyses from several research perspectives to re-examine the relationship between education and fertility and to rethink conventional lines of logic in the education-fertility paradigm. The papers are: (1) "Introduction" (Caroline Bledsoe, Jennifer Johnson-Kuhn, and John Haaga); (2) "Female Education and Fertility: Examining the Links" (Ian Diamond, Margaret Newby, and Sarah Varle); (3) "What is Meant, and Measured, by 'Education'?" (Anthony Carter); (4) "Implications of Formal Schooling for Girls' Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries" (Cynthia Lloyd and Barbara Mensch); (5) "School Quality, Student Achievement, and Fertility in Developing Countries" (Paul Glewwe); (6) "Fertility, Education, and Resources in South Africa" (Duncan Thomas); (7) "Which Girls Stay in School? The Influence of Family Economy, Social Demands, and Ethnicity in South Africa" (Bruce Fuller and Xiaoyan Liang); (8) "Excess Fertility, Unintended Births, and Children's Schooling" (Mark Montgomery and Cynthia Lloyd); (9) "Women's Education, Marriage, and Fertility in South Asia: Do Men Really Not Matter?" (Alaka Basu); and (10) "Fertility and Education: What Do We Now Know?" (Parfait Eloundou-Enyegue). Each paper contains references. (KB)
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WHAT IS MEANT AND MEASURED BY EDUCATION?
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adolescents affect fertility associated Bangladesh Basu behavior birth Botswana boys child childbearing children's schooling classroom Cleland cognitive skills context contraceptive correlation daughters demographic transition developing countries Dominican Republic economic educa educated women education and fertility education-fertility educational attainment empirical enrollment equation estimates evidence excess fertility factors family planning female education fertility decline gender girls Glewwe grade Hanushek higher household impact of school income increase influence instrumental variables Kenya leave school levels LeVine literacy literature lower fertility marriage marry maternal education measures mothers National negative North Sotho number of children outcomes parents percent Philippines Population Population Council pregnancy primary education primary school PSLSD regression relationship reported reproductive Review role sample school attainment school quality secondary school social South Africa Standard statistical studies sub-Saharan Africa Table teachers tion unintended and excess University Press unwanted variables Women's Education World Bank Xhosa Zulu