Critical Systems Thinking: Directed Readings
Robert L. Flood, Michael C. Jackson
Wiley, Dec 20, 1991 - Business & Economics - 364 pages
This collection of contributions is made necessary by the substantial new developments that have taken place in systems thinking over the last ten years or so. Major efforts in research and development have carefully worked out credible intellectual foundations for systems thinking, including important debates in philosophy and social theory. Key papers and a critical commentary document the changes which have occurred, covering shifts from hard (positivist) to soft (interpretive) to critical systems thinking (based on critical theory).
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Ackoff action applied appreciative systems argued argument assumptions Banathy basic boundary judgments Checkland Churchman coherentism communicative complementarism complex concept concerned conflict consensus Critical Heuristics critical systems thinking critical theory critique cybernetic debate decision makers dominant effective emancipatory empiricism epistemological Flood Habermas hard systems thinking hermeneutics human ideal ideology implications inquiry interaction interests Interpretive Systemology interpretive systems interpretivism involved Jackson and Keys John Wiley knowledge logic management science Marxism means metaphors nature normative objective Oliga Operational Research Opl Res organisation paradigm positivist possible post-modernism pragmatic problem contexts problem situation problem solving reality reflection relevant Rosenhead scientific method social sciences social systems social theory society soft systems methodology soft systems thinking Syst systems analysis systems design systems engineering systems movement systems practice systems rationality Systems Research systems science systems theory theoretical Ulrich understanding validity Vickers West Churchman