Critical Theory and Sociology of Knowledge: A Comparative Study in the Theory of Ideology
The contrast between the critical theory of the Frankfurt School and Karl Mannheim's sociology of knowledge has often been noted, but never fully explicated. Most accounts of the Frankfurt School's critique of Mannheim have taken the form of partisan affirmations or denials of its success. This study provides the first detailed comparison of these two conflicting approaches to the theory of ideology. Following reconstructions of the origins of the two perspectives and a review of the Frankfurt School's critique of Mannheim, a systematic comparison is developed around the four central issues of totality, consciousness and social existence, ideology, and truth. An analysis of the significance of the contrast for current debates in social theory is offered in conclusion.
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The Origins and Development of
The Frankfurt Schools Critique of
Central Problems in the Theory of Ideology
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Adorno analysis basic Beacon Press Boston Cambridge capitalist society claims Class Consciousness Communicative Action concept of ideology concept of totality concrete contemporary critical theory critique of ideology critique of Mannheim's culture Derrida Dialectic of Enlightenment discourse dogmatism Douglas Kellner dynamic epistemology essay false consciousness forms of thought Frankfurt School Frankfurt School's critique Georg Lukacs German Habermas Hegel History and Class Horkheimer and Adorno Horkheimer's human ideal ideol Ideology and Utopia ideology critique immanent intellectual interpretation Karl Mannheim Kettler later Lukacs Mann Mannheim's conception Mannheim's sociology Marcuse Marcuse's Martin Jay Marx Marx's Marxism Max Horkheimer Meja ontology philosophy political Postmodernism poststructuralism poststructuralist presuppositions Problem of Truth proletariat rational reality reconstruction reification relation relativism Seabury Press social sciences Social Theory sociology of knowl sociology of knowledge Stehr stressed structure Telos Theory of Communicative theory of ideology theory of society tion tique University Press validity Verlag Western Marxism York