Cross-Examining Socrates: A Defense of the Interlocutors in Plato's Early Dialogues
Cambridge University Press, 6. 1. 2000 - Počet stran: 416
This book is a rereading of Plato's early dialogues from the point of view of the characters with whom Socrates engages in debate. Socrates' interlocutors are generally acknowledged to play important dialectical and dramatic roles, but no previous book has focused mainly on them. Existing studies are thoroughly dismissive of the interlocutors and reduce them to the status of mere mouthpieces for views which are hopelessly confused or demonstrably false. This book takes interlocutors seriously and treats them as genuine intellectual opponents whose views are often more defensible than commentators have standardly thought. The author's purpose is not to summarise their positions or the arguments of the dialogues in which they appear, much less to produce a series of biographical sketches, but to investigate the phenomenology of philosophical disputation as it manifests itself in the early dialogues.
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The Socratic interlocutor
Elenchus and sincere assent
Laches and Nicias III
Charmides and Critias
The last days of the Socratic interlocutor
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according actions agrees answer arguing argument asks assent become believe better called Callicles Cephalus claim commentators conclusion contention courage course criticism Crito definition denies desire dialectical discussion distinction doctor early dialogues employed enables Euthyphro evil example experience explain fact false fear follows friends gods Gorgias ground happy harm Hence Hippias ignorant implies important inconsistency insofar interlocutors judged justice kind knowledge Laches lack less live logical loved matter means merely mind moral nature never Nicias objections one's opinion pain person persuade philosophical pious Plato pleasure Polemarchus Polus premises produce proposition Protagoras provides punishment question rates reason refute remark replies requirement response rhetoric rhetorician seems sense seriously short skilled Socrates someone sophist soul speak speech temperance term thesis things thinks Thrasymachus tion true truth understanding unjust Unlike virtue Vlastos wants wisdom wise wrong
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