Crossed Swords: Pakistan, Its Army, and the Wars Within

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Oxford University Press, 2008 - History - 655 pages
Based on 30 years of research and analysis, this definitive book is a profound, multi-layered, and historical analysis of the nature and role of the Pakistan army in the country's polity as well as its turbulent relationship with the United States. Shuja Nawaz examines the army and Pakistan in both peace and war. Using many hitherto unpublished materials from the archives of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the General Headquarters of the Pakistan Army, as well as interviews withkey military and political figures in Pakistan and the United States, he sheds light not only on the Pakistan Army and its US connections but also on Pakistan as a key Muslim country in one of the world's toughest neighborhoods. In doing so, he lays bare key facts about Pakistan's numerous wars with India and its many rounds of political musical chairs, as well as the Kargil conflict of 1999. He then draws lessons from this history that may help Pakistan end its wars within and create a stablerpolitical entity. Visit for more information about Shuja Nawaz.

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User Review  - danoomistmatiste - LibraryThing

This country had the markings of a failed state right from the start. Midwifed by England and nurtured since then by the US, the country has never been able to get out of the rut it has dug itself and ... Read full review

wow at last the facts

User Review  - shahid nawaz janjua - Borders

Excellent portrait of a country in the middle of the unfolding drama in south east Asia. When, why,who, and how it all started and where it will take us all. Most comprehensive facts about Pakistan ... Read full review


List of Photographs
List of Acronyms
Preface and Acknowledgements

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About the author (2008)

SHUJA NAWAZ was a newscaster and current affairs producer with Pakistan Television from 1967 to 1972. He covered the 1971 war with India on the Western front. A graduate of Gordon College, Rawalpindi and the Graduate School of Journalism of Columbia University, he has worked as a journalist for The New York Times and the World Health Organization, and as a Division Chief at the International Monetary Fund and as a Director of the International Atomic Energy Agency. He has also been Editorof Finance and Development, the multilingual quarterly of the IMF and the World Bank, and has written and spoken widely on military and politico-economic issues. He lives in Alexandria, Virginia.

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