Crossing the Gods: World Religions and Worldly Politics

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Rutgers University Press, 2003 - Religion - 284 pages
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Crossing the Gods examines the sometimes antagonistic and sometimes cozy but always difficult and dangerous relationship between religion and politics in countries around the globe.            

Eminent sociologist of religion Jay Demerath traveled to Brazil, China, Egypt, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Northern Ireland, Pakistan, Poland, Sweden, Turkey, and Thailand to explore the history and current relationship of religion, politics, and the state in each country. In the first part of this wide-ranging book, he asks, What are the basic fault lines along which current tensions and conflicts have formed? What are the trajectories of change from past to present, and how do they help predict the future?

In the book's second part the author returns home to focus on the United States  the only nation founded specifically on the principle of a separation between religion and state  and examines the extent to which this principle actually holds and the consequences when it does not. Highlighting such issues as culture wars, violence, globalization, and the fluidity of individual religious identity, Demerath exposes the provincialism and fallacies underlying many of our views of religion and politics worldwide.

Finally, Demerath examines America's status as the world's most religious nation. He places that claim within a comparative context and argues that our country is not "more religious" but "differently religious." He argues that it represents a unique combination of congregational religion, religious pluralism, and civil religion. But the United States also illustrates the universal tendency for the sacred to give way to the secular and for the secular to generate new forms of the sacred.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Religion in Oppression Liberation and Competition in Brazil and Guatemala
13
Troubles and Changes in European Christendom Poland Northern Ireland and Sweden
36
Four Islamic Societies and Four Political Scenarios Egypt Turkey Pakistan and Indonesia
61
Two Multireligious Mindfields Israel and India
92
Tracking Buddha through Thailand Japan and China
128
Culture Wars and Religious Violence
161
Religious Politics without a Religious State
184
Taking Exception to American Exceptionalism
215
A Multicomparativist on the Road
247
Notes
253
Index
265
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Page 263 - Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, trans. George Lawrence, ed. JP Mayer (New York: Doubleday, Anchor Books, 1969); Robert S.
Page 260 - Robert Wuthnow, The Restructuring of American Religion (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988), chap. 4; Wuthnow, The Struggle for America's Soul: Evangelicals, Liberals, and Secularism (Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 1989), 10-15; and Jose Casanova, "Private and Public Religions," Social Research, 59 (Spring 1992): 17-57.

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About the author (2003)

Demerath is Professor of Sociology at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

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