Crusader Castles and Modern Histories
For the last 150 years the historiography of the Crusades has been dominated by nationalist and colonialist discourses in Europe and the Levant. These modern histories have interpreted the Crusades in terms of dichotomous camps, Frankish and Muslim. In this revisionist study, Ronnie Ellenblum presents an interpretation of Crusader historiography that instead defines military and architectural relations between the Franks, local Christians, Muslims and Turks in terms of continuous dialogue and mutual influence. Through close analysis of siege tactics, defensive strategies and the structure and distribution of Crusader castles, Ellenblum relates patterns of crusader settlement to their environment and demonstrates the influence of opposing cultures on tactics and fortifications. He argues that fortifications were often built according to economic and geographic considerations rather than for strategic reasons or to protect illusory 'frontiers', and that Crusader castles are the most evident expression of a cultural dialogue between east and west.
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The narrative of the Crusades and the
Nationalist discourse and Crusader archaeology
Colonial and anticolonial interpretations
Who invented the concentric castles?
Crusader cities Muslim cities and the
is it possible
Borders and their defence
Borders frontiers and centres
The geography of fear and the creation of the
The distribution ofFrankish castles during the
Siege and defence of castles during the
Frankish siege tactics
Development of Muslim siege tactics
The appearance of the concentric castles
Table 71 cont
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Abu Shama Albert of Aachen architecture artillery Ascalon Athlit attack Baniyas battle Belvoir besieged border lines boundaries building built burgus Byzantine Castellum Castle Castle Castle castle Fortified town castle Small castle catapults centres Christians city’s claim colonialist concentric castles conquest construction Crusader castles Crusader city Damascus defenders defined Egypt enemy erected European example existence France Frankish army Frankish castles Frankish siege Franks French frontier Fulcher of Chartres Gibb Hunin Ibid Ibn al-#Adim Ibn al-Athir Ibn al-Qalanisi Ibn Wasil important Karak king Kingdom of Jerusalem land Latin Kingdom Levant medieval Michaud Middle Ages military moat modern Muslim Muslim armies Muslim city Muslim siege nationalist period political population Prawer Pringle Raymond of Aguilers reinforcements rulers Safad Salah al-Din scholars settlements siege engines siege towers Smail Small castle Fortified Small castle Small Templars territory trans tunnel twelfth century Vadum Iacob villages walls William of Tyre Zengi