Cultural Values and the Family Beyond Year 2000: Principles, Policies and Reality
Culture is dynamic. But in cultural (ethnic) groups certain elements of culture such as cultural values relating to the family are regarded indispensable for social order, and therefore for the survival of the society. Accordingly those concerned strive to maintain social order by rediscovering what they regard as traditional cultural values. The thesis of this study is: the process of the development of cultural values relating to the family can be defined as "Spiral Involution"; namely a development through interparticipative stages, each stage (past or present) participating in the other, as impulse to further development. Therefore the proposition of this study is: dialogal-value-system-concordance, a conscious intervention by those concerned through dialogue towards optimal social order.
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C General Summary of Field Experience
B Variables Categories and Attributes to be analysed
i Religious Affiliation
ii SpiritualReligious faith Church Attendance
2Evaluation of Marriage and Family Life
a Civil Church Marriage
Rate of Divorce and Remarriage
4Period of Evaluation
5Period of Institutional and Organisational Research
2 Cultural Values and Society
B Method of Approach
B Manner of Operation
2 Church Ecclesiastical Interventions
C Competence of Agents
D Source of Information
A Suggested Approaches to Evaluation
B Selfappraisal of Agencies
C External Appraisal
B Method of Approach
2Criterion for Choice of Variables
5Construction of Questionnaires
6 Administration of Questionnaires
c Authority Who controls what
d MotherhoodFatherhood and WorkLeisure
e Reasons for against Begetting Children
f Number of Children
g ValuesIdeals Wished for Children
i Material GoodsMoney Television
ii Social Relationship with brotherssisters friends and other neighbours
3 Interrelationship among Generations
a Childrens Ideas Attitudes Behaviour
ii Respect towards Parents and other relatives
b Marriage Partners and Inlaws
5 Evaluation of Marriage and Family in General
A The Quantity of Sample houses visited and mailed questionnaires returned
2 MAIL SURVEY
B Probable Influence of Statistical Errors on Results
C Comparison with Results of other researches
1 Demographic Survey Results
2ValueIndex Surveys Results
D Trends and Indications
B Assessment of Justification
C Resultant Proposition for Appropriate Intervention
1 Cultural Values
2 The Family
B Methodological Approach
Abs Abs actual alternative analysis answer Appendix attitudes Austrian Axiology bond Categories Catholic Chapter Church concept concerned context cross tabulation cultural group Demographic Indicators discussed divorce economic empirical especially Ethnology Evaluation fact Familien family matters family relationship Family Visits field Frau Gisser Götzens community historical Households hypothesis Innsbruck instance Institut intervention interviews investigation Kinder Landesregierung Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck Mail Survey Results male Marilyn French marriage and family married Master of Philosophy Missing Data modern Nave-Herz nuclear family number of children observation organisations Österreich Österreichisches parents participant observation participating evolution partners passim pastoral persons policies political provincial questionnaires questions realised reasons regarded religious respondents Salzburg Schattovits scientific sind Social Anthropology social order socio socio-cultural Sociology subject matter tables and figures target society television theoretical Tiroler Tiroler Tageszeitung Total traditional cultural values traditional values Tyrol Tyrolese University of Innsbruck values in relation various Vaus viel Vienna wished for Children women
Page 46 - ... beings appear to get as much joy and sorrow from the family as they always have, and seem as bent as ever on taking part in family life. In most of the world, the traditional family may be shaken, but the institution will probably enjoy a longer life than any nation now in existence. The family does not seem to be a powerful institution, like the military, the church, or the state, but it seems to be the most resistant to conquest, or to the efforts people make to reshape it. Any specific family...
Page 39 - McLennan tried to show that the institutions of marriage and the family as we know them in Western society must have developed from a condition of 'primitive promiscuity' through a number of distinct stages, which included matriliny, when descent was traced through women only, polyandry...
Page 39 - ... primitive promiscuity" through a number of distinct stages which included matriliny, when descent was traced through women only, polyandry, when husbands shared one wife, and finally patriliny, when descent was traced through men о only.
Page 317 - INKELES, Alex. 1964. What is sociology? An introduction to the discipline and profession. Englewood Cliffs NJ : Prentice-Hall.
Page 51 - II, 55-78; Inheritance, property and marriage in Africa and Eurasia, Sociology, 1969, 3, 55-76. CHAPTER ONE Comparative Sociology and the Decolonization of the Social Sciences The Background BOTH sociology and anthropology have grown out of the attempts of man to make sense of his social environment, the behaviour of his fellow men, the variations between different societies and the changes that have taken place over time. In the Greek world, Aristotle examined some 150 possible constitutions; in...
Page 39 - ... in some way" is important because of a few striking cases in which there is no domestic family of parents and children. On the other hand, a few societies do not recognise the biological relationship between a woman's mate and her children, but still think they should have a social father.
Page 56 - ... it was assumed as a matter of dogma that the functional integration of social institutions was intrinsically stable, that is to say. that, in the absence of external political interference everything will go on as before
Page 9 - Satisfying the needs and standards of living even in advanced societies through re-establishing the responsibility of individuals: families and local communities for their own wellbeing, especially the role of the family in caring for its members and raising and redistributing resources