Cultural Visions: Essays in the History of Culture

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Penny Schine Gold, Benjamin C. Sax
Rodopi, 2000 - Literary Collections - 308 pages
This collection opens with an inquiry into the assumptions and methods of the historical study of culture, comparing the new cultural history with the old. Thirteen essays follow, each defining a problem within a particular culture. In the first section, Biography and Autobiography, three scholars explore historically changing types of self-conception, each reflecting larger cultural meanings; essays included examine Italian Renaissance biographers and the autobiographies of Benjamin Franklin and Mohandas Gandhi. A second group of contributors explore problems raised by the writing of history itself, especially as it relates to a notion of culture. Here examples are drawn from the writings of Thucydides, Jacob Burckhardt, and the art historians Alois Riegl and Josef Strzygowski. In the third section, Politics, Nationalism, and Culture, the essays explore relationships between cultural creativity and national identity, with case studies focusing on the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, the place of Castile within the national history of Spain, and the impact of World War I on work of Thomas Mann. The final section, Cultural Translation, raises the complex questions of cultural influence and the transmission of traditions over time through studies of Philo of Alexandria's interpretation of the Hebrew Bible, Erasmus' use of Socrates, Jean Bodin's conception of Roman law, and adaptations of the Hebrew Bible for American children.
 

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Contents

Biography and Autobiography
15
James Michael Weiss
25
Another Look at Benjamin Franklin
41
The Autobiographer in Mohandas Karamchand Gandhis The Story of
63
Thucydides Argument with the Facts
91
Jacob Burckhardt The Civilization of the Renaissance
111
Alois Riegl and Josef Strzygowski
151
Larry Silver
173
The Making of a National Culture
197
Germanness under Siege
223
The Dialectics of Reward and Punishment in Philo of Alexandria
239
Katy OBrien Weintraub
259
Jean Bodin Roman Law and the Renaissance Conception of the Past
271
Translating Biblical Culture for Jewish American
289
Contributors
307
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