Cultural adaptation and psychosocial adjustment among Arab American college students
Hierarchical regression models were used to test the relative contributions of three models of the relationship between cultural adaptation and psychosocial adjustment: (a) assimilation, (b) acculturation orientation, and (c) ethnic identity achievement. Acculturation orientation variables made statistically significant contributions to the explained variance of all four college adjustment outcomes and ethnic identity threat outcomes. Assimilation variables were significantly related to academic adjustment and life satisfaction, while ethnic identity achievement was related to a sense of ethnic comfort and emotional adjustment. Contrary to expectations, however, the traditionalist group showed the highest levels of psychosocial adjustment, while the bicultural and neutral groups showed the lowest levels. Although parental attachment variables did not appear to moderate the relationship between cultural adaptation and psychosocial adjustment, respondents who had a different acculturation orientation from their parents reported lower levels of psychosocial adjustment.
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DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS
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academic adjustment acculturation orientation variables acculturation strategies acculturative stress adaptation and psychosocial adherence to ethnic adjustment outcomes adolescents African American ANOVA Arab American sample Arab American students Asian Americans associated with higher behaviors Berry Berry's bicultural group college adjustment conﬂict contribution Cronbach's alpha cultural adaptation demographic variables E I Achievement endorsement ethnic group ethnic identity achievement ethnic identity comfort ethnic language ethnic social customs explained variance factors family context gender Genstat Greek-Australians higher levels hijab Hispanic host culture immigrants inﬂuence Iournal levels of assimilation levels of ethnic levels of psychosocial Likert scale measures Muslims neutral group one's ethnic Padilla parental attachment parental warmth Perceived Parental perceived prejudice personall emotional adjustment Phinney psychological psychosocial adjustment reﬂect Regression Analysis relationship between cultural reported respondents Rosenthal SACQ satisfaction scores social adjustment Sodowsky standard deviation status subscales suggested Table traditionalist group traditionalist orientation White sample women