Culture of Accidents: Unexpected Knowledges in Early Modern England

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Stanford University Press, Sep 1, 2002 - Philosophy - 240 pages

Collapsing buildings, unexpected meetings in the marketplace, monstrous births, encounters with pirates at sea—these and other unforeseen “accidents” at the turn of the seventeenth century in England acquired unprecedented significance in the early modern philosophical and cultural imagination. Drawing on intellectual history, cultural criticism, and rhetorical theory, this book chronicles the narrative transformation of “accident” from a philosophical dead end to an astonishing occasion for revelation and wonder in early modern religious life, dramatic practice, and experimental philosophy.

Embracing the notion that accident was a concept with both learned and popular appeal, the book traces its evolution through Aristotelian, Scholastic, and Calvinist thought into a range of early modern texts. It suggests that for many English writers, accidental events raised fundamental questions about the nature of order in the world and the way that order should be apprehended.

Alongside texts by such canonical figures as Shakespeare and Bacon, this study draws on several lesser-known authors of sensational news accounts about accidents that occurred around the turn of the seventeenth century. The result is a cultural anatomy of accidents as philosophical problem, theatrical conceit, spiritual landmark, and even a prototype for Baconian “experiment,” one that provides a fresh interpretation of the early modern engagement with contingency in intellectual and cultural terms.

 

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Contents

Early Modern Accidents and an Aristotelian Tradition
17
Exemplary Accidents from Cicero to Jean Calvin
42
The Avoidance of Ends in The Comedy of Errors
62
Hamlet Interrupted
82
Accident and the Invention of Knowledge in Francis
111
The Blackfriars Accident
130
Notes
159
Bibliography
205
Index
219
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About the author (2002)

Michael Witmore is Professor of English at the University of Wisconsin-Madison

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