Cuneiform to Computer: A History of Reference Sources

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Scarecrow Press, 1998 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 415 pages
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Cuneiform to Computer provides a brief history of how reference works developed, but concentrates on how they reflect attitudes of their particular period of publication. Each chapter focuses on a basic reference form and highlights the major titles in its evolution. Stress is on the inter-relationship of reference sources with social change and development.
 

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Contents

Reference Books from Cuneiform to Computer
1
The Age of Difference
2
Order Order
3
TriviumQuadrivium
4
The Social Sciences
5
The Renaissance
6
From the Renaissance to the Twentieth Century
7
More Reference Books
9
Rhetoric
200
Roman to Medieval Rhetoric
203
Rhetoric Divided
205
Rhetoric to Modern Times
207
Notes for Chapter 6
209
Maps and Travel Guides
223
Early Maps
224
Greeks to Ptolemy
225

Libraries
11
Reference Services
13
Notes for Chapter 1
15
Encyclopedias
19
Roman Contributions
21
The Medieval Christian Encyclopedia
24
Cassiodorus and Isidore
25
Isidore of Seville
27
Scholasticism and the Medieval Encyclopedia
29
Suiiinia and Albertus Magnus
30
Renaissance Encyclopedias
33
From Bacon to Chambers
34
Diderots Encyclopedic
35
From Larousse to Brockhaus
37
The Britannica and the Modern Encyclopedia
38
Notes for Chapter 2
42
Commonplace Books to Books of Quotations
53
Early Commonplace Books
55
The Medieval Period
58
Wisdom Literature
59
The Legacy of the Commonplace Book
61
The Seventeenth Century
65
The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
67
The Fact and Table Books
69
The End of the Commonplace
71
Other Commonplace Forms
73
Anthologies
74
The Facetia
76
The ana
77
The Book of Quotations
79
Notes for Chapter 3
83
The Reference of Time Almanacs Calenders Chronologies and Chronicles
95
In the Beginning
97
Printing and Almanacs
98
Early American Almanacs
103
Almanacs Nineteenth Century to Modern
105
Todays Almanac
107
Calendars Chronologies and Chronicles
109
Chronologies
113
Chronicles and Annals
115
Books of Days
119
Notes for Chapter 4
120
Ready Reference Books Handbooks and Manuals
130
Early Manuals and Handbooks
131
From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance
132
The Renaissance
135
Emblem Books
137
Secret Manuals
138
Agriculture and Other Subject Manuals
139
Yearbooks and Annuals
141
Keepsakes
142
Etiquette Manuals
143
Developments in the Twentieth Century
146
Letter Manuals
149
GreekRoman Letters
150
Early Letter Manuals
151
Postal Service
152
Christian Manuals
153
Renaissance
155
Eighteenth Century
156
From the Letter to Magazines
158
Notes for Chapter 5
159
Dictionaries Grammar and Rhetoric
167
Early Word Lists
169
Medieval Dictionaries
171
Dictionaries and Encyclopedias
172
Glossaries
173
Dictionary Combinations
174
Latin to the Vernaculary Dictionary
175
First English Dictionaries
178
Proper Usage
183
Johnsons Dictionary
185
Oxford English Dictionary
186
Early American Dictionaries
187
Websters Dictionary
188
Beyond Webster
191
Modern Dictionaries
192
Grammar
194
Donatus and Priscian
196
Renaissance to Modern Times
198
Medieval Maps
227
Sea Charts
228
Renaissance Maps Atlases
231
The Americas
232
Ortelius and Mercator
233
Atlas and Globe
234
Eighteenth Century Cartography
236
Mapping America
237
Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Maps Atlases
238
Age of Computers
241
Travel Guides
242
GreekRoman
244
Fiction to Fact
247
Medieval Pilgrimage Guides
249
Renaissance Travel
251
17th18th Centuries
252
Illustration
254
Nineteenth Century Tours
255
Guide Features
256
Major Guide Publishers
257
Travel in the Twentieth Century
261
American Guidebooks
262
Notes for Chapter 7
264
Biography
275
Reference Biographical Works
276
Biography Beginnings
278
Late Antique and Medieval Developments
280
The Renaissance to Dr Johnson
282
Nineteenth to Twentieth Centuries
283
Development of Biographical Reference Sources
284
Nineteenth Century
285
American Sets
287
Dictionary of National Biography
292
Twentieth Centuryand Beyond
294
Autobiography and Related Forms
296
Conclusion
298
Notes for Chapter 8
299
Bibliography Serials and Indexes
308
Analytical Bibliography
309
Beginnings of Bibliography
310
Bibliography in the Middle Ages
311
Advent of Printing and Bibliography
312
Bibliography in the Sixteenth Century
314
Seventeenth Century Bibliography
319
Bibliography in the Eighteenth Century
321
Nineteenth Century Explosion of Bibliographies
323
Universal Bibliography
326
Twentieth Century Bibliography
327
Indexes
329
Concordances
330
Modern Index
331
Early Index Cousins
332
Book Indexes
333
Periodical and Newspaper Indexes
334
Newsletters
336
Coranto and Newsbook
337
Newspapers
338
Early Magazines and Journals
339
Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
340
Index Development
343
Modern Indexing
344
Computer Indexes
345
Notes for Chapter 9
346
Government Documents
356
Government Patterns
357
Egypt and Mesopotamia
359
Greece
360
Rome
361
Medieval Documents
363
Renaissance
365
English Documents
367
US Documents
368
Conclusion
370
Computers and Reference Sources
375
Chronology of important dates in the history of reference sources along with dates of parallel influential events
381
National Libraries
388
Index
389
About the Author
417
Copyright

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About the author (1998)

William A. Katz is Professor at the School of Information Science and Policy at the State University of New York at Albany. He is editor of The Reference Librarian and The Acquisitions Librarian. He is also editor of Magazines for Libraries and has compiled a second edition of The Columbia Granger's Guide to Poetry Anthologies, as well as the seventh edition of his Introduction to Reference Work.