Curators of the Buddha: The Study of Buddhism Under Colonialism
Donald S. Lopez
University of Chicago Press, Aug 15, 1995 - Religion - 298 pages
Curators of the Buddha is the first critical history of the study of Buddhism in the West and the first work to bring the insights of colonial and postcolonial cultural studies to bear on this field.
After an overview of the origins of Buddhist studies in the early nineteenth century, the essays focus on important "curators of the Buddha," such as Aurel Stein, D. T. Suzuki, and Carl Jung, who, as they created and maintained the discipline, played a significant role in disseminating knowledge about Buddhism in the West. The essays bring to life many of the important but unexamined social, political, and cultural conditions that have shaped the course of Buddhist studies for more than a century—and have frequently distorted the understanding of a complex set of traditions. Contributors Charles Hallisey, Gustavo Benavides, Stanley Abe, Luis Gómez, Robert Sharf, and Donald Lopez challenge some of the most enduring ideas in Buddhist studies: that Zen Buddhism is, above all, an experience; that Tibetan Buddhism is polluted, or pristine; that the Buddha image is of Greek or Roman origin; that the classical text supersedes the vernacular, as the manuscript supersedes the informant; and many others.
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LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
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ambivalence Asia Asian authority Bigandet biography British Buddha image Buddhist art Buddhist Studies Buddhologists C. G. Jung Chinese claim classical colonial commentary context critique Csoma de Koros Curator D. T. Suzuki Dalai Lama dhism dhist discourse doctrine early East Eastern Meditation English essay Europe European experience fascism Foucher Giuseppe Tucci Greco-Buddhist art Greek Hisamatsu Hodgson Ibid ideology India influence intellectual interest Japan Japanese culture Japanese spirituality Jung's language Leclere Lhasa literature London Mahayana Meiji modern monastery monks Museum mystical nation native nihonjinron nineteenth century Nishida Nishida Kitaro Orientalism Orientalist original Pali Paul Carus philosophy practice Psychology of Eastern published Pure Land religion religious reprinted Rhys Davids Rhys Davids's ritual role samurai Sanskrit scholars scholarship sculpture Society Soen Stein sutra term textual theory Tibet Tibetan Buddhism tion Tokyo tradition trans translation understanding University Press Waddell West Western writings yoga York
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