Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics: The Cosmic Microwave Background: The Cosmic Microwave Background

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Norma Sanchez
Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 31, 2001 - Science - 662 pages
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This NATO Advanced Study Institute provided an up dated understanding, from a fundamental and deep point of view, of the progress and current problems in the early universe, cosmic microwave background radiation, large scale structure, dark matter problem, and the interplay between them. The focus was placed on the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. Emphasis was given to the mutual impact of fundamental physics and cosmology, both at theoretical and experimental-or observational-levels, within a deep and well defined programme, and a global unifying view, which, in addition, provides of careful inter-disciplinarity. Special Lectures were devoted to neutrinos in astrophysics and high energy astrophysics. In addition, each Course of this series, introduced and promoted topics or subjects, which, although not being of purely astrophysical or cosmological nature, were of relevant physical interest for astrophysics and cosmology. Deep understanding, clarification, synthesis, careful interdisciplinarity within a fundamental physics framework, werethe maingoals ofthe course. Lectures ranged from a motivation and pedagogical introduction for students and participants not directly working in the field to the latest developmentsand most recent results. All Lectures were plenary, had the same duration and were followed by a discussion. The Course brought together experimentalists and theoretical physicists, astrophysicists and astronomers from a variety of backgrounds, including young scientists at post-doctoral level, senior scientists and advanced graduatestudentsas well.
 

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Contents

PHASE TRANSITIONS IN THE EARLY UNIVERSE
3
ELEMENTS OF BARYOGENESIS
17
OUT OF EQUILIBRIUM FIELDS IN SELFCONSISTENT INFLATIONARY DYNAMICS DENSITY FLUCTUATIONS
37
Minimal String Driven Cosmology and its Predictions
97
NEW DUAL RELATIONS BETWEEN QUANTUM FIELD THEORY AND STRING REGIMES IN CURVED BACKGROUNDS
121
Detectability of Relic Squeezed Gravitational Waves by Laser Interferometers
131
Gravitational Field and Its EnergyMomentum Tensor
139
II COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND RADIATION
149
IV FRACTALS AND SCALING LAWS IN ASTROPHYSICS AND COSMOLOGY
363
FRACTAL LACUNARITY AND SCENARIOS FOR THE NEARISOTROPIC DISTRIBUTION OF GALAXIES
365
Fractal structures and the large scale distribution of galaxies
391
THE COSMOLOGICAL MANYBODY PROBLEM AND SOME OF ITS OBSERVATIONAL IMPLICATIONS
419
EQUATION OF STATE AND FRACTAL DIMENSION
433
RENORMALIZATION GROUP FLOW AND FRAGMENTATION IN THE SELFGRAVITATING THERMAL GAS
449
V HIGH ENERGY AND NEUTRINO ASTROPHYSICS
481
3 YEARS OF OPERATION Highlights and Significant Results
483

OBSERVATIONS AND THEORY OF THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND
151
The 1+3 Covariant Approach to CMS Anisotropies
177
Some problems of the CMB polarization
197
The High Redshift Radio Universe
219
III LARGE SCALE STRUCTURE DARK MATTER
241
IN SEARCH OF THE EARLY UNIVERSE I THE OLDEST STARS
243
IN SEARCH OF THE EARLY UNIVERSE II THE YOUNGEST GALAXIES
251
CLUSTERS OF GALAXIES AND THE LARGE SCALE STRUCTURE
257
STRUCTURE FORMATION OF GALAXY CLUSTERS AND BEYOND
291
Clues to Primordial Phase Density for the Structure of Galaxy Halos
345
DARK MATTER AS DETERMINED FROM ENERGETIC PARTICLES
355
THE EXTREME ENERGY COSMIC RAYS AND COSMIC NEUTRINOS AS PROBES FOR THE DISTANT UNIVERSE ASTROPHYSICS INVOLV...
499
ORIGIN AND PHYSICS OF THE HIGHEST ENERGY PARTICLES IN THE UNIVERSE
515
The GammaRay Bursts and the SWIFT Mission
539
NEUTRINO OSCILLATIONS AND COSMOLOGY
565
TOWARDS KILOMETERSCALE DETECTORS
585
Accretion of Gas onto Black Holes
609
MASS EXTINCTIONS OF SPECIES WERE DINOSAURS KILLED BY AN ASTEROID OR VOLCANOES?
627
OPENING THE THIRD MILLENNIUM
645
PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE INSTITUTE
651
AUTHOR INDEX
661
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