Current Trends in Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers
With significant progress made in recent years, vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) have emerged as potential lightwave sources with a variety of applications, including high speed optical interconnects, parallel data links, optical recording, 2-D scanning, and optical signal processing. This volume, which contains a collection of articles by outstanding experts on this topic, encompasses a broad discussion of the current trends in the development of VCSELs. Discussions include material growths, structure designs, processing methods, performance analysis, improvement strategies, and future prospects. The collection provides a comprehensive overview that may help newcomers to this field as well as engineers and researchers who are engaged in the research and development of this new exciting device family.
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Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers with Dielectric Mirrors
Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division
HighPerformance Producible VerticalCavity Lasers for Optical
Epitaxial Design and Performance of AlGalnP Red 650690 nm VCSELs
Thermal Effects in VerticalCavity SurfaceEmitting Lasers
Reliability of Proton Implanted Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers
active region AlGaAs AlGaInP antiguide Appl bandgap carrier cavity surface emitting characteristics curves CW operation devices diameter dielectric mirrors distributed Bragg reflectors doping edge-emitting lasers effects efficiency electrical epitaxial design etching fabricated GaAs GaAs/AlGaAs gain-guided GalnAsP/InP growth heat sink heat sources heterostructure IEEE Photon increase InGaAs injection interfaces K. D. Choquette L. A. Coldren L. T. Florez laser arrays laser diodes Lett low threshold modal losses MOVPE MTTF multilayer Nakwaski obtained optical cavity output power p-type peak performance Photon Phys PITSELs polarization pulsed pumping current Quantum Electron R. A. Morgan R. E. Leibenguth R. P. Schneider red VCSELs reduced refractive index room temperature series resistance shown in Fig spacer spatial hole burning substrate surface emitting lasers temperature dependence temperature profiles thermal conductivity thermal resistance thickness threshold current transverse mode uniform VCSEL array VCSEL structure vertical cavity surface vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers wafer wavelength