Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise

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OUP Oxford, Sep 2, 2010 - Philosophy - 426 pages
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Henry Allison examines the central tenets of Hume's epistemology and cognitive psychology, as contained in the Treatise of Human Nature. Allison takes a distinctive two-level approach. On the one hand, he considers Hume's thought in its own terms and historical context. So considered, Hume is viewed as a naturalist, whose project in the first three parts of the first book of the Treatise is to provide an account of the operation of the understanding in which reason is subordinated to custom and other non-rational propensities. Scepticism arises in the fourth part as a form of metascepticism, directed not against first-order beliefs, but against philosophical attempts to ground these beliefs in the "space of reasons." On the other hand, Allison provides a critique of these tenets from a Kantian perspective. This involves a comparison of the two thinkers on a range of issues, including space and time, causation, existence, induction, and the self. In each case, the issue is seen to turn on a contrast between their underlying models of cognition. Hume is committed to a version of the perceptual model, according to which the paradigm of knowledge is a seeing with the "mind's eye" of the relation between mental contents. By contrast, Kant appeals to a discursive model in which the fundamental cognitive act is judgment, understood as the application of concepts to sensory data, Whereas regarded from the first point of view, Hume's account is deemed a major philosophical achievement, seen from the second it suffers from a failure to develop an adequate account of concepts and judgment.
 

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Contents

Abbreviations
Introduction
1Humes Elements
2Humes Theory of Space and Time
3Humes Epistemological Divide in the Treatise
Humes Analysis and Kants Response
5Humes Analysis of Inductive Inference
Does Reason Beg or Command? Kant and Hume on Induction and the Uniformity of Nature
8Hume on Scepticism Regarding Reason
9Hume on Scepticism Regarding the Senses
10Humes Therapeutic Natural History of Philosophy Compared with Kants Philosophical Therapy
11Humes Paralogisms
12Humes Philosophical Insouciance
Notes
Bibliography
Index

Humes Analysis and the Kantian Response
7Causation Necessary Connection and Power

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About the author (2010)

Henry E. Allison is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of California, San Diego, and Boston University

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