Cyanotoxins: Occurrence, Causes, Consequences
Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Aug 10, 2001 - Science - 357 pages
Toxic cyanobacteria are increasingly recognised as a potential hazard in water for human use. The recent availability of methods for quantitative screening is leading to a surge of research on their occurrence. This book presents a novel compilation of extensive screening results showing the cyanotoxin levels that may be expected when certain taxa dominate. These results indicate cyanotoxins to be the most widespread among the chemicals of concern in water used for drinking and recreation. It further combines field data with results from laboratory culture experiments to suggest a unifying view of how environmental factors control the cyanotoxin levels in natural waters. A practical section is dedicated to the exposure of humans through drinking-water and recreation.
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Cyanotoxins Research for Environmental Safety
Comparison of Cyanotoxin Occurrence in Different Countries
Factors Controlling Cellular Microcystin Content
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acid Anabaena anabaenopeptin analysis anatoxin-a Aphanizomenon aquatic aqueous assessment bioassay biomass biovolume blue-green algae Carmichael WW cell-bound Chapter chlorophyll-a Codd concentrations of microcystins cultures cyanobacterial blooms cyanobacterial cells cyanobacterial toxins cyanotoxins cylindrospermopsin Danio rerio Daphnia degradation depsipeptides detected determined dissolved microcystins drinking water drinking-water dry weight effects ELISA embryos environmental eutrophic exposure extracellular microcystin extracts filter fish flos-aquae Freshwater galeata Germany growth rates Harada hepatocytes hepatotoxic hepatotoxin HPLC inhibition irradiance isolated lakes liver MC-LR MC-RR methanol microcystin concentrations microcystin-LR microcystin-producing Microcystis aeruginosa Microcystis spp Microcystis strains neurotoxins nodularin nutrient Oscillatoria peptide phosphorus phytoplankton pigg Planktothrix agardhii Planktothrix rubescens poly protein phosphatase protein phosphatase assay Radeburg range rat hepatocytes ratio raw water reservoir samples dominated saxitoxin scums seston showed Sivonen species strain HUB Table total microcystin toxic cyanobacteria toxicity Toxicol Vombsjön water blooms waterbodies zebrafish