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action admitted adopted American authority believe bill called carried character committee common Compromise Congress Constitution convention course Court debate decided delegates Democratic Douglas duty effect elected equal established existence fact father favor Federal force freedom friends give Governor ground hands honor House institutions interests issues Judge Kansas labor land leading legislation legislature maintain majority March Massachusetts means measure meet ment Missouri never North once opinion opposed Oregon organization party passed political popular position present President principle protection question received remained reply Representatives Republican result returned secure Senate Seward side slave slaveholding slavery South southern speech stand taken territory thought thousand tion took true Union United views vote Whig whole Wilson York
Seite 113 - Methinks I see in my mind a noble and puissant nation rousing herself like a strong man after sleep, and shaking her invincible locks : Methinks I see her as an eagle mewing her mighty youth, and kindling her undazzled eyes at the full mid-day beam...
Seite 73 - Measures, is hereby declared inoperative and void : it being the true intent and meaning of this act, not to legislate slavery into any territory or state, nor to exclude it therefrom, but to leave the people thereof perfectly free to form and regulate their domestic institutions in their own way, subject only to the constitution of the United States...
Seite 227 - No person held to service or labor in one State, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due.
Seite 113 - ... not degenerated, nor drooping to a fatal decay, but casting off the old and wrinkled skin of corruption to outlive these pangs and wax young again, entering the glorious ways of truth and prosperous virtue destined to become great and honourable in these latter ages.
Seite 35 - Orleans become marts for legitimate merchandise alone, or-else the rye fields and wheat fields of Massachusetts and New York must again be surrendered by their farmers to slave culture and to the production of slaves, and Boston and New York become once more markets for trade in the bodies and souls of men.
Seite 66 - New States of convenient .size, not exceeding 4 in number, in addition to said State of Texas, and having sufficient population, may hereafter, by the consent of said State, be formed out of the territory thereof, which shall be entitled to admission under the provisions of the Federal Constitution. And such States as may be formed out of that portion of said territory lying south of 36° 30' north latitude, commonly known as the Missouri compromise line, shall be admitted into the Union, with or...
Seite 326 - I will not characterize that class at the North with that term; but you have it; it is there; it is everywhere; it is eternal.
Seite 35 - Shall I tell you what this collision means? They who think that it is accidental, unnecessary, the work of interested or fanatical agitators, and therefore ephemeral, mistake the case altogether. It is an irrepressible conflict between opposing and enduring forces, and it means that the United States must and will, sooner or later, become either entirely a slaveholding nation, or entirely a free-labor nation.
Seite 229 - July, the ordinance of 1787 was passed, "for the government of the United States territory northwest of the river Ohio," with but one dissenting vote. This instrument provided there should be organized in the territory not less than three nor more than five States, designating their boundaries. It was passed while the federal convention was in session, about two months before the constitution was adopted by the convention. The members of the convention must therefore have been well acquainted with...
Seite 67 - Ocean ; and the said eighth section, together with the compromise therein effected, is hereby revived and declared to be in full force and binding for the future organization of the Territories of the United States, in the same sense and with the same understanding with which it was originally adopted.