Danish: An Essential Grammar

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Routledge, Aug 8, 2005 - Foreign Language Study - 224 pages
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Ideal for any learner of the Danish language in early or middle stages, this engaging grammar is an essential reference guide to the most important grammatical aspects of Danish as it is used today.
 

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Contents

NOUNS
19
Plurals and declensions
22
Plurals in er en gade gader et billede billeder
23
Plurals in e en dag dage et bus huse
24
Zeroplural en sko sko et ar ar
25
Plurals of nouns in el en er en sester sestre
26
Plurals of loanwords
27
Nouns with no plural form
28
Future tense
93
Mood and modal verbs
94
Imperative
97
Types of verb 103 Transitive intransitive copula and reflexive verbs
98
s Verbs and the passive 104 s forms deponent and reciprocal verbs
100
The passive
101
Compound verbs 106 Compound verbs
104
ADVERBS
106

The genitive 37 Genitives
29
Articles form
30
Article use introduction
31
Article use end article in Danish no article in English
32
Article use no article in Danish definite article in English
33
Article use end article in Danish possessive pronoun in English
34
ADJECTIVES
35
Indefinite form neuter same as common gender
36
Variations in pluraldefinite
37
Adjectives doubling the final consonant in the plural
38
Indefinite constructions
39
Agreement and lack of agreement
40
Definite declension 53 Definite constructions
41
Adjectival nouns
42
The English and other nationality words
43
Comparison introduction
44
Comparison with ere est
45
Comparison with vowel change and ere est
46
Comparison with mere mest
47
Similarity dissimilarity and reinforcement
48
The absolute comparative and absolute superlative
49
NUMERALS
50
Major uses of cardinal and ordinal numbers
52
Time by the clock
53
PRONOUNS
55
Uses of det
56
Reflexive pronouns
58
Reciprocal pronouns
59
hans or sin?
60
Demonstrative pronouns
63
Relative pronouns
64
Der or som?
67
Interrogative pronouns hv words
68
Indefinite pronouns
69
VERBS
75
First conjugation
76
Third conjugation
78
stem vowel in a
79
stem vowel in y
81
stem vowel in ae
82
stem vowel in a
83
Infinitive
84
Past participle
86
Present participle
88
Present tense
90
Perfect tense
91
Past perfect tense
92
Comparison of adverbs
107
Use of adverbs
108
Some difficult adverbs
110
PREPOSITIONS
112
The most common Danish prepositions
115
af
117
efter
118
for
119
fra
120
med
122
om
123
over
124
til
125
under
126
ved
127
Common English prepositions and their Danish equivalents summary
128
Prepositions in expressions of time summary
132
Translating of
133
INTERJECTIONS
135
10
139
Other subordinators
142
Translating some difficult conjunctions
143
11
146
Main clause structure
148
Link position
149
Real subject and formal subject
150
Nonfinite verb
151
Other adverbials
152
Passive agent
154
Light elements
156
Passive transformation
157
Existential sentences
158
Subordinate clause as an element in the main clause
159
Main clause structure an extended positional schema with examples
160
Subordinate clause structure
161
Independent clauses
163
Three types of subordinate clause with main clause structure
164
Major word order and clause structure problems summary
165
WORD FORMATION
167
Affixation
169
Abbreviation
173
13
178
PUNCTUATION
181
Danish Latin and English linguistic terms
191
15
200
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2005)

Robin Allan is Senior Lecturer in Danish at University College London. Philip Holmes is Reader in Scandinavian Studies at the University of Hull. Tom Lundskaer-Nielsen is Queen Alexandra Lecturer in Danish at University College London.