Danish: An Essential Grammar

Front Cover
Danish: An Essential Grammaris a reference guide to the most important aspects of current Danish as it is used by native speakers. It focuses on those areas of Danish that pose particular problems for the learner but at the same time provides a broad general account of the language.
The Grammaris the ideal source of reference for the learner of Danish in the early and middle stages. It is suitable either for independent study or for students in schools, colleges, universities and adult classes of all types.
Features include:
* clear, jargon-free explanations
* many tables and diagrams for extra clarity
* detailed contents list
* separate glossary of linguistic and grammatical terms
* detailed index with key Danish and English words.
Titles of related interest published by Routledge:
Colloquial Danish: A Complete Language Course; Danish Dictionary; Danish: A Comprehensive Grammar
Colloquial Nowegian: A Complete Language Course; Norwegian Dictionary; Norwegian: An Essential Grammar
Colloquial Swedish: The Complete Course for Beginners; Swedish Dictionary; Swedish: A Comprehensive Grammar; Swedish: An Essential Grammar
 

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Contents

PRONUNCIATION
1
Vowel length and spelling
3
Diphthongs
5
b d g
6
s c sc x z
7
f h j sj sh ch
8
Syllable loss and vowel merger
9
The glottal stop 11 The glottal stop stºd
10
stem vowel in ae
82
stem vowel in a
83
Infinitive
84
Past participle
86
Present participle
88
Present tense
90
Perfect tense
91
Past perfect tense
92

Inflected forms stºd variations
11
Stress
13
Unstressed in the clause
14
Twoword stress
15
Stressed and unstressed syllables
16
Stressed prefixes
17
Unstressed suffixes
18
NOUNS
19
Plurals and declensions
22
Plurals in er en gade gader et billede billeder
23
Plurals in e en dag dage et hus huse
24
Zeroplural en sko sko et ar ar
25
Plurals of nouns in el en er en sester sestre
26
Plurals of loanwords
27
Nouns with no plural form
28
The genitive 37 Genitives
29
Articles form
30
Article use introduction
31
Article use end article in Danish no article in English
32
Article use no article in Danish definite article in English
33
Article use end article in Danish possessive pronoun in English
34
ADJECTIVES
35
Indefinite form neuter same as common gender
36
Variations in pluraldefinite
37
Adjectives doubling the final consonant in the plural
38
Indefinite constructions
39
Agreement and lack of agreement
40
Definite declension 53 Definite constructions
41
Adjectival nouns
42
The English and other nationality words
43
Comparison introduction
44
Comparison with ere est
45
Comparison with vowel change and ere est
46
Comparison with mere mest
47
Similarity dissimilarity and reinforcement
48
The absolute comparative and absolute superlative
49
NUMERALS
50
Major uses of cardinal and ordinal numbers
52
Time by the clock
53
PRONOUNS
55
Uses of det
56
Reflexive pronouns
58
Reciprocal pronouns
59
hans or sin?
60
Demonstrative pronouns
63
Relative pronouns
64
Der or som?
67
Interrogative pronouns hv words
68
Indefinite pronouns
69
VERBS
75
First conjugation
76
Third conjugation
78
stem vowel in a
79
stem vowel in y
81
Future tense
93
Mood and modal verbs
94
Imperative
97
Types of verb 103 Transitive intransitive copula and reflexive verbs
98
s Verbs and the passive 104 s forms deponent and reciprocal verbs
100
The passive
101
Compound verbs 106 Compound verbs
104
ADVERBS
106
Comparison of adverbs
107
Use of adverbs
108
Some difficult adverbs
110
PREPOSITIONS
112
The most common Danish prepositions
115
af
117
efter
118
for
119
fra
120
med
122
om
123
over
124
til
125
under
126
ved
127
Common English prepositions and their Danish equivalents summary
128
Prepositions in expressions of time summary
132
Translating of
133
INTERJECTIONS
135
CONJUNCTIONS
139
Other subordinators
142
Translating some difficult conjunctions
143
WORD ORDER AND CLAUSE STRUCTURE
146
Main clause structure
148
Link position
149
Real subject and formal subject
150
Nonfinite verb
151
Other adverbials
152
Passive agent
154
Light elements
156
Passive transformation
157
Existential sentences
158
Subordinate clause as an element in the main clause
159
Main clause structure an extended positional schema with examples
160
Subordinate clause structure
161
Independent clauses
163
Three types of subordinate clause with main clause structure
164
Major word order and clause structure problems summary
165
WORD FORMATION
167
Affixation
169
Abbreviation
173
ORTHOGRAPHY
178
PUNCTUATION
181
Danish Latin and English linguistic terms
191
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Robin Allan is Senior Lecturer in Danish at University College London. Philip Holmes is Reader in Scandinavian Studies at the University of Hull. Tom Lundskaer-Nielsen is Queen Alexandra Lecturer in Danish at University College London.

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