Dante and the Mystical Tradition: Bernard of Clairvaux in the Commedia
In this study, Steven Botterill explores the intellectual relationship between the greatest poet of the fourteenth century, Dante, and the greatest spiritual writer of the twelfth century, Bernard of Clairvaux. Botterill analyzes Bernard's appearance as a character in the closing cantos of the Paradiso in the context of his medieval reputation as a contemplative mystic, devotee of Mary, and, above all, a preacher of outstanding eloquence. Botterill's new critical stance will provoke a reevaluation of Bernard's significance in the Commedia.
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Aquinas Augustine authority Beatrice Beatrice’s become Benvenuto Benvenuto da Imola Bernard of Clairvaux Bernard’s writings Bernardine Bonaventure Buti Cantica canticorum canto Cavedoni century Christ Christian Cistercian Commedia consideratione contemplative context course cultural Dante personaggio Dante poeta Dante-character Dante-character’s Dante’s deﬁned deﬁnition deiﬁcation deiﬁcation language deiﬁed devotion to Mary diligendo Deo dispensatione divine doctrine edited eloquence Empyrean episode fact fedel ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst Fissi Florence Franciscan Glaucus grace gratia Heaven human Ibid idea identiﬁed Inferno inﬂuence intellectual interpretation Joachim of Fiore Lana Latin lines manuscripts Marian writings Mariology Mary’s Masseron medieval Meditationes Migliorini mystical narrative nature Paradiso Paradiso XXXII passage Petrocchi Pietro poem poem’s poetic prayer Purgatorio quod quotations quoted readers reading reﬂected saint Bernard santo Bernardo seems signiﬁcance soul speciﬁc spiritual Talice textual theological Thomas Aquinas tradition trasumanar Trecento Trecento commentaries Ubertino da Casale Virgil Virgin vision Vita Vita prima words XXXI XXXIII xxxm