Daughters of Eve: Pregnant Brides and Unwed Mothers in Seventeenth-century Massachusetts
This study examines cases of fornication, bastardy, and paternity cases brought before the courts in Essex County, Massachusetts between 1640 and 1692. Prosecution and conviction rates, sentencing patterns, and socio-economic data, as well as attitudes, were analysed to determine that women who bore illegitimate children were punished more severely than their male partners, and regarded with contempt by the majority of women. Couples who married following out-of-wedlock sex faced less opprobrium and were reintegrated into the community following a series of humiliating shame rituals.
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Daughters of Eve: Pregnant Brides and Unwed Mothers in Seventeenth Century ...
Else L. Hambleton
No preview available - 2004
appear Appleton attempted rape bastards bore illegitimate children chastity child support child-support payments coitus conceived conception convicted of fornication convicted of premarital County Quarterly Court Court of Assistants court records courtship daughter decade depositions Dirkey early modern economic Elizabeth Ellinwood employer engaged in sexual England Essex County Quarterly extramarital sexual intercourse female defendant fornication conviction fornication defendants fornication prosecutions fornication trial gender Hannah Hannah Adams household husband Ibid ideology illegitimacy illegitimate child illegitimate fornication indentured servants Ipswich John John Winthrop male partner married Mary Talbut Massachusetts Bay Colony midwife months neighbors Obadiah Wood parents paternity percent Plymouth Colony premarital fornication prosecuted for fornication punishment Puritan rape Records and Files relationship Salem Samuel Samuel Appleton Samuel Hunt Sarah Stickney sentenced Seth Story seventeenth-century Massachusetts severely whipped sexual intercourse sexual reputation single women status Stickney tion victim wife William woman women who bore