Daviborshch's Cart: Narrating the Holocaust in Australian War Crimes Trials
In the spring of 1942, Nazi forces occupying the Ukraine launched a wave of executions targeting the region's remaining Jewish communities. These mass shootings were open, public, and intimate. Although the victims themselves could never testify against their killers, many eyewitnesses could and did identify the perpetrators. Among these communities, three local men from the villages of Serniki, Israylovka, and Gnivan were intimately implicated in such killing operations: Ivan Polyukhovich, a forester in the German-controlled administration; Heinrich Wagner, aVolksdeutscherliaison officer; and Mikolay Berezowsky, a member of the local police force. More than fifty years later, these three men were arrested and brought to trial in Australia for their alleged war crimes. Daviborshch's Cartis more than an account of Holocaust perpetrators who found a safe haven in postwar Australia. It is also the story of the Holocaust in the Ukraine, the War Crimes Act, Nazi policies, and the ways in which future generations translate history into law, archives into proof, and law into justice. Based on a review of previously unexamined historical and legal documents and transcripts,Daviborshch's Cartoffers the first critical examination of Australian attempts to bring alleged Nazi criminals to justice.
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accused Adelaide Anthony Sawoniuk antisemitism archival asserted atrocities Australian criminal law Australian war crimes Berezowsky Transcript collaborators context court Crimes Act crimes against humanity crimes trials criminal justice criminal law cross-examination Daviborshch debates defense Demidenko discourse documents Eichmann established ethnic eyewitness fact forest German ghetto liquidation Hand That Signed Hansard Heinrich Wagner historian historical evidence Holocaust perpetrators identified investigations Israylovka issue Ivan Polyukhovich Jewish Jews Jews of Gnivan jury killing pit Kirovograd Konrad Kwiet law and history lawyers Mark Aarons Mischlinge children moral murder narrative Nazi Nazi war criminals offense participation pit killing political Polyukhovich Polyukhovich Committal Polyukhovich Trial Materials present proceedings prosecution protocol question Raykis relation role Schutzmannschaft Serniki Shoah Shoah in Ukraine Signed the Paper South Australia Soviet Union Soviet war crimes statements Steinberg story testimony tion translation Ukraine village Volksdeutsche Wagner Committal War Crimes Act war criminals witness Zhilun