David Douglas, Botanist at Hawaii

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1919 - Botanists - 83 pages
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Page 39 - A lake of liquid fire, in extent about a thirteenth part of the whole crater, was boiling with furious agitation ; not constantly, however, for at one time it appeared calm and level. the numerous fiery red streaks on its surface alone attesting its state of ebullition, when again, the red hot lava would dart upwards and boil with terrific grandeur, spouting to a height which, from the distance at which I stood, I calculated to be from forty to seventy feet, when it would dash violently against the...
Page 53 - ... by discharging under ground, but by throwing out stones of immense size to the distance of miles around its opening, together with ashes and sand. Terrible chasms exist at the bottom, appearing, in some places, as if the mountain had been rent to its very roots ; no termination can be seen to their depth, even when the eye is aided with a good glass, and the sky is clear of smoke, and the sun shining brightly. Fearful indeed must the spectacle have been, when this volcano was in a state of activity....
Page 71 - D. about three quarters of a mile, and after directing him in the path, and warning him of the traps, went on about half a mile further with him. Mr.
Page 63 - No one, however, has since done so, until I went up a short while ago. The journey took me seventeen days. On the summit of this extraordinary mountain is a volcano, nearly twenty-four miles in circumference, and at present in terrific activity. You must not confound this with the one situated on the flanks of Mouna Loa, and spoken of by the Missionaries and Lord Byron, and which I visited also.
Page 51 - I started at half past six for the summit of the mountain, leaving the others to collect fuel and to look for water. Shortly before daybreak the sky was exceedingly clear and beautiful, especially that part of the horizon where the sun rose, and above which the upper limb of his disc was visible like a thread of gold, soon to be quenched in a thick haze, which was extended over the horizon.
Page 9 - ... was lively and active, and never failed of playing his part in the usual sports of the village; a taste for rambling, and much fondness for objects of Natural History being, however, very strongly evinced. He collected all sorts of birds, though he often found it difficult to maintain some of these favorites, especially the hawks and owls. For the sake of feeding a nest of the latter, the poor boy, after exhausting all his skill in catching mice and small birds, used frequently to spend the daily...
Page 24 - You may tell your little brother (who wondered that I could bear to go to sea, as there were Cockroaches in all ships) that I feel now a mortal antipathy, more even than he, if possible, to these insects: for having made a great number of observations in the Sandwich Islands, the vile Cockroaches ate up all the paper, and as there was a little oil on my shoes, very nearly demolished them too...
Page 12 - Botany in the hall of the garden, and was his favorite companion in some distant excursions to the Highlands and islands of Scotland, where his great activity, undaunted courage, singular abstemiousness, and energetic zeal at once pointed him out as an individual eminently calculated to do himself credit as a scientific traveler.
Page 36 - Taro, etc.. while each individual provided himself with the solace of a staff of sugar cane, which shortens the distance, for the pedestrian, when tired and thirsty, sits down and bites off an inch or two from the end of his staff. A friend accompanied me as far as his house on the road, where there is a large church, his kind intention being to give me some provision for the excursion, but as he was a stout person, I soon outstripped him. On leaving the bay, we passed through a fertile spot consisting...
Page 44 - ... readily imagined from the number of these tunnels, is not well supplied with water. The inhabitants convert these caverns to use in various ways: employing them occasionally as permanent dwellings, but more frequently as cool retreats where they carry on the process of making native cloth from the bark of the Mulberry Tree, or where they fabricate and shelter their canoes from the violent raya of the sun.

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