David's Secret Demons: Messiah, Murderer, Traitor, King

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Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 12 de nov. de 2003 - 492 páginas
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The Bible portrays King David as an exceptional man and a paragon of godly devotion. But was he? Some scholars deny that he existed at all. Did he? This challenging book examines the written and archaeological evidence critically in an effort to paint an accurate picture of one of the Bible's central figures.

Neither defending nor rejecting the traditions about David, Baruch Halpern, a leading scholar of biblical history and the ancient Near East, traces the origins and development of David's persona. Because the biblical text clearly responds to concerns that can only be contemporary with David himself, we can believe that David was both real and a central actor in the historical drama of ancient Israel. Yet at the same time, the written record also shows that contemporaries understood David's character to be much more unsavory than the tradition has hitherto allowed.

Halpern digs beneath the layers of tradition to understand David as an individual, as a person. The man he uncovers turns out to have been complex, ambiguous, and--above all--surprising. According to Halpern, the image of David grew over time. He was the founder of the dynasty that perpetuated the texts about him, and they progressively exaggerated his accomplishments. But in the earliest writings David remains a modest figure, as this book shows for the first time. To understand David as a human being, one must keep in mind that he was primarily a politician who operated in a rough-and-tumble environment in which competitors were ready literally to slit throats.

Halpern's work raises many provocative questions: Was David an Israelite or a Philistine? Was Solomon really David's son? Did David take the throne ofIsrael by the consent or against the will of the people? How many murders did he commit on his way to the crown? Indeed, was David someone it would have been wise to even invite to dinner? The challenging arguments in "David's Secret Demons are sure to provoke all kinds of discussion among biblical scholars and general readers alike. In addition--a big bonus--Halpern's accessible, at times humorous prose will itself draw readers everywhere into the compelling story of David found between these covers.

 

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David's secret demons: messiah, murderer, traitor, king

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Halpern (Jewish studies, Pennsylvania State Univ.) has given us a scholarly, fascinating, and controversial study of the figure of David in the Hebrew Scriptures. He does not doubt the actual ... Ler resenha completa

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Conteúdo

The Surprising David
3
Davids History in the Books of Samuel
14
A The Stage Set
15
B Introducing David
18
C Sauls Death
22
D The Civil War
26
E Building the Israelite State
31
F David and Bathsheba
34
B The Magnification of Davids State
246
2 Theories of the Israelite Settlement
247
3 The Magnifying Lens
250
4 Is Jonah Liable?
252
C Dating the Extension of Davids State
256
A LIFE OF DAVID
261
Davids Youth
263
B The Name of David
266

G Absaloms Coup
39
PENETRATING THE TEXTUAL VEIL
55
Dating 2 Samuel
57
King David Serial Killer
73
B Ten Little Indians
77
Saul and His Sons at Gilboa
78
Ishbaal
81
Abner
82
Sauls Other Descendants
84
Amnon
87
Absalom
89
Amasa
90
Uriah
92
C The Apology and the Absalom Revolt
94
DEFINING DAVIDS EMPIRE
105
How to Take Up What Kings Set Down
107
B The Image of the King in Royal Propaganda
113
C The TiglathPileser Principle
124
Reading Davids Conquests
133
2 Samuel 8
142
Settling the Philistine Problem 2 Samuel 81
144
The Conquest of Moab 2 Samuel 82
160
David and Hadadezer 2 Samuel 83 and the History of the Ninth Century
164
B The Northern States
167
2 Hazael King of Amqi?
169
3 Hazael Invader of Amqi?
170
4 Rehob and Zobah
173
C Zobah and Davids Empire
175
D The Name of Hadadezer
179
David in the North and in Transjordan 2 Samuel 8311
187
B Davids Stela
195
The Date and Reception of 2 Samuel 8
199
2 Samuel 8 and the Historicity of the Davidic State
208
B The Claims of Samuel and the Date of the Text
224
A HISTORICAL OVERTURE TO DAVIDS CAREER
227
The Relative Chronology of Davids Reign
229
Ages of Kings at Death
242
Geography of the Davidic State
243
C Davids Daddy
270
D Davids Antecedents
271
E Location in Bethlehem
274
Chart of the A and B Sources in 1 Samuel 82 Samuel 1
277
David and Saul
280
B The Wilderness Years
284
C A Foreign Affair
287
On the Hot Seat in Hebron
295
B Kingship in a Nutshell
296
C David across the River
301
D Davids Philistine Pedigree
302
E Hebron and the Gibeonites
306
F The Civil War
307
G The Cuckoo in the Nest
310
Rising over Zion
317
B The Philistine Wars
320
Bringing Home the Ark
333
B The Dynastic Oracle
337
C The Saulide Hostage
341
Davids Wars
345
B Edom
353
C Other Regions
355
Absaloms Gift
357
The Aftermath of Absaloms Revolt
382
David and Israel
384
C Solomons Succession
391
D Solomons Politics
406
APPENDIX
425
The Archaeology of Davids Reign
427
B Megiddo Gezer and Hazor
433
C Downdating the Solomonic Layers
451
D Ramses III and the Sea Peoples
454
Positive Evidence
460
Afterword
479
General Index of Select Topics
481
Index of Scholars Cited
488
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Sobre o autor (2003)

Baruch Halpern is Covenant Foundation Professor of Jewish Studies at the University of Georgia and former codirector of the Megiddo Expedition. His other books include The Constitution of the Monarchy in Israel, The Emergence of Israel in Canaan, The First Historians: The Hebrew Bible and History, and Law and Ideology in Monarchic Israel.

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