De Natura Fossilium (Textbook of Mineralogy)
This 1546 publication remains a landmark in geology due to its unprecedented classifications by physical property and locality, its simple standardized naming system, its meticulous summaries of earlier studies, and its employment of observation and personal experience.
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according to Pliny acrid Agricola alloy alum amber argentite artiﬁcial astringent atramentum sutorium Bermannus bismuth bitumen brilliant burning cadmia caeruleum Cappadocia carbunculus chrysocolla color congealed juices contains copper Cyprus dense Dioscorides earth Egypt example ﬁelds ﬁnd ﬁne ﬁnest ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬁve ﬂaws ﬂint ﬂows furnace Galen gems genera genus Germany gold golden Goslar gray Greeks call green gypsum halite hard heat hematite Hildesheim India intermediate iron lapis Latin latter lead liquid lodestone luster marble masses material melt mentioned metal mineral mines Misena mixed mountains Naevius native natural mineral nitrum occurs ocher odor orpiment placed Pliny Pliny writes polished porous produced pyrite quartz quicksilver realgar reddish reﬁned reﬂect resembles river rock sal ammoniac salt sand Saxony Scythia silver minerals similar smaragdus smelted soft sometimes species stones substances sulphur taste Theophrastus Thuringia transparent Unabridged republication unctuous usually variety veins vessel yellow