Death Anxiety, Afterlife Belief, and Patients with Terminal Cancer
Over the past few years, the subject of death and dying in relation to religion has gained prominence in psychological research, yet studies on afterlife belief as a religious variable are scant and the results are equivocal. In addition, no studies have explored the effect of fear of punishment in the hereafter (FP), fear of the unknown (FU), and fear of annihilation (FA) in predicting death anxiety in patients with terminal cancer. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship of afterlife belief as measured by the Belief in Afterlife scale (BAS) to death anxiety as measured by the Death Anxiety scale (DAS). The purpose was also to examine the strength of FP, FU, and FA, as measured by the Fear of Personal Death scale (FPDS), in predicting death anxiety. Subjects were 83 patients with terminal cancer recruited from an oncology clinic in a major metropolis. The result of a Pearson correlation analysis yielded no significant relation between death anxiety and afterlife belief. Furthermore, regression analyses followed by Fisher's Z-transformation showed that FA, FU, and FP were similarly effective in predicting death anxiety. Although the findings did not support the stated hypotheses, the study contributes to the scant literature in the area of death anxiety. Furthermore, implications for positive social change entail increasing the awareness of the medical team that when death is impending, utilizing the dying person's spiritual belief system may enable the patient to find relief from the mental anguish associated with death and dying, and find instead peace and tranquility amidst the turmoil. This is an important social change contribution for the end of life welfare and peace of mind of the dying patients.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Ethical and Confidentiality Issues
Data Cleaning and Checking
Limitation of the Study
According afterlife and death afterlife belief Afterlife scale BAS alpha coefficient Alvarado anxiety and afterlife belief in afterlife Bivens Cicirelli Clinical Psychology concepts coping correlation Death and Dying Death Anxiety Scale death attitudes death fear Death Studies demographic Dimensions of Death effect emotional existential Exline faith fear of annihilation fear of death Fear of Personal fear of punishment fear of unknown Florian FPDS gender Greenberg Hoelter hypothesis ill cancer patients impending death indicated individuals Journal of Death Kalish Kravetz Larson Lester level of death multidimensional multiple regression negative Neimeyer O’Sullivan older adults Omega one’s Osarchuk Pargament participants patients with terminal Personal Death scale predicting death anxiety present study Psychological Reports Pyszczynski regression analysis relation to death relationship between death religion and spirituality religious beliefs religious variables significant Social Psychology Solomon study’s subscales Templer terminally ill cancer terror management theory Thorson variance in death Walden University Z-Test