Death and Dying in Colonial Spanish America
Martina Will de Chaparro, Miruna Achim
University of Arizona Press, Dec 1, 2011 - History - 276 pages
When the Spanish colonized the Americas, they brought many cultural beliefs and practices with them, not the least of which involved death and dying. The essays in this volume explore the resulting intersections of cultures through recent scholarship related to death and dying in colonial Spanish America between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. The authors address such important questions as: What were the relationships between the worlds of the living and the dead? How were these relationships sustained not just through religious dogma and rituals but also through everyday practices? How was unnatural death defined within different population strata? How did demo-graphic and cultural changes affect mourning?
The variety of sources uncovered in the authorsÕ original archival research suggests the wide diversity of topics and approaches they employ: Nahua annals, Spanish chronicles, Inquisition case records, documents on land disputes, sermons, images, and death registers. Geographically, the range of research focuses on the viceroyalties of New Spain, Peru, and New Granada.
The resulting recordsÑboth documentary and archaeologicalÑoffer us a variety of vantage points from which to view each of these cultural groups as they came into contact with others. Much less tied to modern national boundaries or old imperial ones, the many facets of the new historical research exploring the topic of death demonstrate that no attitudes or practices can be considered either ÒWesternÓ or universal.
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An Introduction to Death and Dying Martina Will de Chaparro and Miruna Achim
How the Indigenous Elite of the Colonial PueblaTlaxcala Valley Prepared to Perish Erika Hosselkus
Histories of Suicide in New Spain Zeb Tortorici
Corporal Meanings in SeventeenthCentury Mexico Miruna Achim
4 The Death of the Monarch as Colonial Sacrament James Flaks
The 1639 Auto de Fe Ana E Schaposchnik
6 Angelic Death and Sacrifice in Early Modern Hispanic America Andrew Redden
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Afro-Mexicans Afro-Peruvians altepetl America Andean angels Antonio Archivo authorities auto de fe autopsy baroque Bethencourt body burial reforms buried cadaver capacocha cathedral Catholic cemetery ceremony chapter Christ Christian church city’s cofradías colonial Mexico colonial period conquest corpse Cortés cultural dead death and dying deceased Diego divine documents early modern ecclesiastical eighteenth elite España eucharistic Francisco fray friars funeral funerary García Guerra’s heretics History honor Huexotzinco hygiene Ibid indigenous death Inquisición Inquisition Juan king’s Latin Lima Lima tribunal Lima’s Madrid María mass Mateo Alemán meaning Mesoamerica Mexican Mexico City Montesinos Morga Motolinía muerte Nahuas Nahuatl narrative noble Oaxaca parish participants Peru piety political practices priests prisoners processions punishment religious rites ritual royal exequias sacred sacrifice sambenitos secular señor seventeenth century siglo sixteenth-century slaves social soul Spain Spaniards Spanish Spanish Inquisition Sucesos suicide symbolic tablado testaments tion Tlaxcala túmulo Tzotzil University Press viceroy Voekel