Death Underground: The Centralia and West Frankfort Mine Disasters

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SIU Press, Jul 24, 2006 - History - 250 pages
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      Death Underground: The Centralia and West Frankfort Mine Disasters examines two of the most devastating coal mine disasters in United States history since 1928. In two southern Illinois towns only forty miles apart, explosions killed 111 men at the Centralia No. 5 mine in 1947 and 119 men at the New Orient No. 2 mine in West Frankfort in 1951. Robert E. Hartley and David Kenney explain the causes of the accidents, identify who was to blame, and detail the emotional impact the disasters had on the survivors, their families, and their communities.

Politics at the highest level of Illinois government played a critical role in the conditions that led to the accidents. Hartley and Kenney address how safety was compromised when inspection reports were widely ignored by state mining officials and mine company supervisors. Highlighted is the role of Driscoll Scanlan, a state inspector at Centralia, who warned of an impending disaster but whose political enemies shifted the blame to him, ruining his career. Hartley and Kenney also detail the New Orient No. 2 mine explosion, the attempts at rescue, and the resulting political spin circulated by labor, management, and the state bureaucracy. They outline the investigation, the subsequent hearings, and the efforts in Congress to legislate greater mine safety.

Hartley and Kenney include interviews with the survivors, a summary of the investigative records, and an analysis of the causes of both mine accidents. They place responsibility for the disasters on individual mine owners, labor unions, and state officials, providing new interpretations not previously presented in the literature. Augmented by twenty-nine illustrations, the volume also covers the history, culture, and ethnic pluralism of coal mining in Illinois and the United States.

 







 

 

 

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Contents

More Than a Coal Town
23
Please Save Our Lives
30
Day of Reckoning
58
Years of Strife
73
A Pox on All Houses
82
Miners Lives
105
The Reality of Coal Politics
121
THE 1951 WEST FRANKFORT MINE DISASTER
135
Seeking the Cause and Greater Safety
156
Affected Lives
175
After the Disasters
181
Miners Killed in the Centralia Mine Disaster
193
Miners Killed in the West Frankfort Nine Disaster
197
Notes
201
Glossary of Coal Mining Terms
219
Manuscript Sources
221

Its All Blown to Hell
137
Burying the Dead
148

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About the author (2006)

Robert E. Hartley and David Kenney are the authors of An Uncertain Tradition: U.S. Senators from Illinois, 1818– 2003. Robert E. Hartley, a journalist for the Lindsay-Schaub Newspapers in Illinois from 1962 to 1979, is the author of Lewis and Clark in Illinois Country: The Little-Told Story and Paul Powell of Illinois: A Lifelong Democrat. David Kenney served in the cabinet of Illinois Governor James Thompson and has taught political science at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. He is the author of A Political Passage: The Career of Stratton of Illinois and the coauthor of Basic Illinois Government: A Systematic Explanation.

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