Debating Arab Authoritarianism: Dynamics and Durability in Nondemocratic Regimes
Stanford University Press, Nov 20, 2007 - Political Science - 360 pages
This volume inquires into the working mechanisms, the inner logic, and the durability of authoritarian rule in Arab countries. Written by leading American, European, and Arab experts, the collected essays explore the ongoing political dynamics of the region and show how Arab regimes retain power despite ongoing transformations on regional, national, and international levels and in societal, political, and economic spheres.
The findings of this book strongly suggest that democratization remains off the agenda in any Arab country for the foreseeable future. Domestic political protests, international pressure toward more liberal governance, and "reform-oriented" regimes notwithstanding, Debating Arab Authoritarianism indicates that while the impetus for political change is strong, it is in the direction of an adaptation to changed circumstances and may even be a revitalization or consolidation of authoritarian rule rather than a systemic transition to democracy.
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Debating the Dynamics
STATESOCIETY RELATIONS AND POLITICAL OPPOSITION
Social Pacts and the Persistence of Authoritarianism
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actors Arab countries Arab world armed forces army authoritarian regimes authoritarian rule Awqaf Ayman Nour Bahrain bourgeoisie budget capacity challenge civil society co-optation coalition Council democracy promotion democratic divided structure domestic dynamics economic liberalization economic reform Egypt Egyptian elections electoral elites emergence external foreign formal Gulf Hafiz al-Asad House of Saud important incumbents institutions Iraq Iraqi Islamic Islamists Jordan Kienle Kifaya Kifaya movement king legitimacy Luciani major ment middle class Middle East Middle Eastern military mobilize modern Moroccan Morocco Muslim Brotherhood national-populist social pact officials Oman Omani opponents opposition groups organizations party's percent PJD's political liberalization political reform political system position private property holders private sector radical regime's region remains rent rentier repression revenues role rulers Sadat Saudi Arabia Schlumberger stability strategies structure of contestation sultan Syria tion Tunisia United waqf