Debating the Dasam Granth
The Dasam Granth is a 1,428-page anthology of diverse compositions attributed to the tenth Guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh, and a topic of great controversy among Sikhs. The controversy stems from two major issues: a substantial portion of the Dasam Granth relates tales from Hindu mythology, suggesting a disconnect from normative Sikh theology; and a long composition entitled Charitropakhian tells several hundred rather graphic stories about illicit liaisons between men and women. Sikhs have debated whether the text deserves status as a "scripture" or should be read instead as "literature." Sikh scholars have also long debated whether Guru Gobind Singh in fact authored the entire Dasam Granth. Much of the secondary literature on the Dasam Granth focuses on this authorship issue, and despite an ever-growing body of articles, essays, and books (mainly in Punjabi), the debate has not moved forward. The available manuscript and other historical evidence do not provide conclusive answers regarding authorship. The debate has been so acrimonious at times that in 2000, Sikh leader Joginder Singh Vedanti issued a directive that Sikh scholars not comment on the Dasam Granth publicly at all pending a committee inquiry into the matter. Debating the Dasam Granth is the first English language, book-length critical study of this controversial Sikh text in many years. Based on research on the original text in the Brajbhasha and Punjabi languages, a critical reading of the secondary literature in Punjabi, Hindi, and English, and interviews with scholars and Sikh leaders in India, it offers a thorough introduction to the Dasam Granth, its history, debates about its authenticity, and an in-depth analysis of its most important compositions.
Adi Granth Akal Anandpur Apni Katha argued argument arrows Ashta authorship avatars Bachitra Natak Granth Bansavalinama battle battlefield bhagauti Bhai Mani Singh blood Brahman Brajbhasha Chandi Charitra Ukti Chandika chapter Charitra Ukti Bilas Charitropakhian composed context court poets Dasam Granth Dasam Granth compositions debate demons described detail Devi Mahatmya dharma Dhumralochan discussion Durga fight frame story Gian Prabodh goddess compositions goddess narratives gods Grewal Guru Gobind Singh Guru Granth Sahib Guru’s Hinduism holy book Indian literature Indra Jaggi Kaitabh Kali Kaur Khalsa killed king king’s Krishna leaders lineage Lord Mahakal Mahish manuscripts modern Punjabi Mughal Muslim named Pathans poet’s poetry portions praise Puranic Raktabij recite religious role ruler Sanskrit shaktis Shiva Shumbh and Nishumbh Sikh authors Sikh commentators Sikh Gurus Sikh tradition Sikhism Sodhi spiritual Srī sword Tantric theme tions translation varna verses Vishnu warriors weapons woman women worship