Decade of Betrayal: Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s
During the Great Depression, a sense of total despair plagued the United States. Americans sought a convenient scapegoat and found it in the Mexican community. Laws forbidding employment of Mexicans were accompanied by the hue and cry to "get rid of the Mexicans!" The hysteria led pandemic repatriation drives and one million Mexicans and their children were illegally shipped to Mexico.
Despite their horrific treatment and traumatic experiences, the American born children never gave up hope of returning to the United States. Upon attaining legal age, they badgered their parents to let them return home. Repatriation survivors who came back worked diligently to get their lives back together. Due to their sense of shame, few of them ever told their children about their tragic ordeal.
Decade of Betrayalrecounts the injustice and suffering endured by the Mexican community during the 1930s. It focuses on the experiences of individuals forced to undergo the tragic ordeal of betrayal, deprivation, and adjustment. This revised edition also addresses the inclusion of the event in the educational curriculum, the issuance of a formal apology, and the question of fiscal remuneration.
"Francisco Balderrama and Raymond Rodríguez, the authors of Decade of Betrayal, the first expansive study of Mexican repatriation with perspectives from both sides of the border, claim that 1 million people of Mexican descent were driven from the United States during the 1930s due to raids, scare tactics, deportation, repatriation and public pressure. Of that conservative estimate, approximately 60 percent of those leaving were legal American citizens. Mexicans comprised nearly half of all those deported during the decade, although they made up less than 1 percent of the country's population. 'Americans, reeling from the economic disorientation of the depression, sought a convenient scapegoat,' Balderrama and Rodríguez wrote. 'They found it in the Mexican community.'"--American History
What people are saying - Write a review
figures from official statistics published by the INS for each fiscal year. figures are drawn from table 24A on page 179 of the "Annual Report of the Immigration and Naturalization Service" for fiscal year 1952. The historical table details numbers of "Aliens Deported and Aliens Departing Voluntarily Under Proceedings; Years ended June 30, 1892 to 1952." from the official record, 121,067 persons were deported or induced to leave. No where near the millions as claimed.
When I began my career as an immigration officer in El Paso (1972), I was shown the records of Mexicans who departed during the Great Depression and registered with immigration before returning to Mexico. This book explains in detail what I learned as an immigration officer, and much more. It is a great source of information and the research is excellent. Ten years later I was the INS Port Director in Laredo, Texas and was an official custodian of records relating to departing Mexicans. Again, the records I reviewed told stories identical to what this book documents. American born children of Mexican parents later returned to the United States. The records at the border were used to prove American citizenship for these children. I often wondered what the whole story was. This book fills that need. I highly recommend it. Many of the problems mentioned are similar to today's problems.